Motor control, motor learning and neuroplasticity are complexprocesses that involve the brain and the CNS. Motor control enableshuman beings and other animals to use the brain to coordinate andinitiate movements of the muscles, which results in motor skills. Itentails a combination of sensory information related to the bodystate or external influences, which is processed by cognitivestructures in the CNS resulting in appropriate muscular contractionand relaxation. Consequently, movements in the joints or other organsare activated (Umphred, 2012). Motor learning is the process throughwhich individuals acquire or improve existing motor skills. It alsoinvolves the CNS and other parts of the body, mainly muscles. Itenhances the capability of the body to respond to internal orexternal stimuli. Through experience or practice, the structures ofthe body acquire accuracy and smoothness in accomplishing complexmovements. It also plays a significant role in the development ofreflexes (Umphred, 2012). The capability gained through motorlearning is permanent and cannot be lost without a substantive cause.Therefore, while motor learning is the process through whichindividuals learn to respond to stimuli, motor control describe theneural aspect of body movements (Umphred, 2012). On the other hand,neuroplasticity is a general term that refers to the ability of thebrain to change permanently during a person’s life. It is madepossible by the unique abilities of the brain to organize andreorganize its structures by forming new connections. It does notinvolve other parts of the body. For example, it allows the brain torecover from injuries and impacts of diseases, as well as respond tochanges in the environment (O`Sullivan, 2014).
O`Sullivan, S. et al. (2014). Physical rehabilitation.Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.
Umphred, D. (2012). Neurological rehabilitation. St. Louis,Mo.: Elsevier Mosby.