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Theposition of management of labor changed in the final part of the 19thcentury following the struggles and fights in the labor movement. Thedescription that fits the change is that of bosses versus workers.During this time, individuals were categorized as either bosses orworkers. The positions created a strong identity of dislike for theones on the bosses’ side. Therefore, this paper will present adiscussion on the description of management in the final days of the19th century and the strikes. Following a decrease in the number ofthe self-employed workers in America during the Gilded Age, amajority of workers started to feel the strength in their numbers andplaced more demands on the bosses. When their demands were turneddown, they resorted to plotting schemes to win their cases.Management was perceived from the boss-employee viewpoint. Theindividuals who managed companies during this period designed methodsto help counteract those of the labor unions. Before the 20thcentury, the governments never took the side of the unions facing alabor dispute. Therefore, the majority of the bosses convinced thecourts to issue bans declaring the strike illegal. This made theother workers perceive management as opponents. It is important tonote that in the labor disputes, the management, and employees, feltthat they were literally fighting for survival.


Anexamination of the way the Pullman Strike case was handled and thereasons for the strike serve to indicate that the worker`s side wasright. I believe that whenever an institution lay off workers anddecreases the wages, it is imperative that the cost of additionalservices be reduced. This will ensure that the workers are shieldedfrom the difficult economic times. However, the management respondedby organizing oppositions to the strike, which led to the loss ofproperty and life. The consequences of the Pullman Strike case serveto indicate that the workers were right. 1


Broesamle,John, and Anthony Arthur. Clashesof Will: Great Confrontations That Have Shaped Modern America&nbsp1stEdition.New York: Pearson,2004.

1 John Broesamle and Anthony Arthur, Clashes of Will: Great Confrontations That Have Shaped Modern America&nbsp1st Edition (New York: Pearson, 2004), chapter 2.

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