THE REAL CSI 4
White-collarcrime refers to illegal acts which are often committed usingnon-physical means. It involves the application of cunning practicesto either obtain personal or business advantage (Van, Benson &Cullen, 2016)Bottom of Form
.White-collar crimes can be categorized into various groups which mayinclude con games, personal offenses, abuse of trust, and businesscrimes. Con games refer to the offenses that involve defraudingpeople money. Personal crimes are those activities that are carriedout on an individual whereby the criminal gets gains that are in anon-business context. Business offenses are those activities carriedout targeting business operations.
Theoffense of abuse of trust occurs mostly in occupations where anemployee violates his or her duty of loyalty and faithfulness tohis/her employer. However, the definition of white-collar crime canvary because the FBI, for instance, defines it as financial crimeswhere they focus on crimes such as money laundering, financialinstitution deception, securities and commodity fraud, healthcaredeceit, mortgages swindle, and insurance fraud among others (Van etal., 2016). Technology has increased the rate at which white-collarcrimes are being committed. Today it is possible for a criminal toswindle a person even without necessarily meeting physically. Thiscan happen through the internet.
Theprimary victims of white-collar crimes are people who transactbusinesses online. Individuals who transfer their cash online, buygoods online or receive payments through the internet are likely tobe targeted by criminals. Also, the aging individuals fall victims ofthis type of crime more often than the young generation (Van et al.,2016). Old citizens usually trust the youths, especially their youngrelatives and friends with their Personal Identification Numbers(PINs) which can be used later without their knowledge for criminalactivities. Furthermore, employers are frequent victims ofwhite-collar crimes. This happens when an employer trusts an employeewith very sensitive information that can be used for criminalactivity. Sufferers of white-collar crimes are often hurt by losingvaluable properties and data to people whom they cannot even trace oridentify. Moreover, employers feel betrayed when their workers abusetrust given to them.
Iwould recommend the following measures of punishment as a way ofdeterring the white-collar crimes since it adversely affects manypeople. First, I would propose a long-term jail incarceration to thecriminals found guilty of white-collar crime. Sentencing a person whohas committed such a crime to a jail term exceeding more than tenyears will prevent other people from engaging in the act. Potentialcriminals will see how the crime is being taken seriously and fear toattempt it.
Thesecond recommendation is cancellation of trading licenses for traderswho get involved in the criminal behavior. If a merchant is foundguilty of defrauding a client some funds, his or her permit should becanceled immediately (Van et al., 2016). Also, depending on theamount defrauded, a judge should decide whether or not to sentencethe trader to jail. This will prevent other traders from committingwhite-collar crimes for the fear of losing their trading permits,which can make them bankrupt. Besides, if the crime committed has aserious effect such as mass job loss, then the victims are supposedto receive a capital punishment such as death sentence. This willhelp in deterring any future crime that can increase the unemploymentrate in the economy. If these measures are implemented, then the rateat which white-collar crimes are being committed will decline.
Van,S. S., Benson, M. L., & Cullen, F. T. (2016). TheOxford handbook of white-collar crime.