SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OF A SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

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RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1

SEARCHING FOR LOVE OR LOOKING FOR SEX: SEXUAL AND EMOTIONAL ASPECT OFA SEX ADDICT AND A LOVE ADDICT

Dissertation

Faculty

Searching for Love or Looking for Sex: Sexual and Emotional Aspect ofa Sex Addict and a Love Addict

Tableof Contents

Introduction 4

Current Situation 4

The Problem 5

Background of the Problem 5

Statement of the Problem 7

Aims and Objectives of the Study 8

Source of Data 8

Research Questions and Hypothesis 9

Definition of the Terms 10

Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations of the Study 10

Literature Review 11

Introduction 11

Theoretical Framework 13

Review of the Research 13

Research Design and Methodology 14

Introduction 14

Research Design 14

Research Approach 14

Research Questions 15

Data collection 15

Population and Sample 16

Instrumentation 16

Data analysis 16

Conclusion 16

Outcome and Significance of the Study 17

Structure of the study 17

References 19

IntroductionCurrent Situation

Heretofore, addiction is perhaps one of the compound terms thatapplies to a morbid form characterized by either substance abuse,object, or behavior. According to Giuseppe (2013), the term defines adysfunctional mental, psychological state that conditioned by afeeling of uncontrollable desire and the need to be repeated in acompulsive manner. Or else, as noted by Shekarey et al.(2011), addiction is an invasive condition commemorated by thephenomena of craving in a way of unmanageable habit that results inclinically significant distress. Sexual addiction or Love addictionis a dissociative mechanism to regulate non-modulated emotions thatpossibly did happen in the early relationships with primarycaregivers. Sex addictions or Love addictions has been a problem thataffects individual who struggle with their emotions in pursuit ofsexual or love desires. In the modern society, there is an increasingneed for the Students, colleges, and other counseling professionalfor learning programs that could be implemented to the issue ofsexual behaviors and their impacts on their relationships. Sexualbehaviors, in general, integrate the actions and behaviors that areusual among these behaviors and can affect anyone who may or may notbe sexually active, who want to satisfy their sexual desires. In thiscase, when the desires are not completed, problems that range fromclinical, social, and psychological tend to occur.

Sexual and emotional aspects of a sex addict or love addict have beena problem affecting many individual across the world. According tothe recent research conducted by Guiseppe (2013), when sex and loveemotions are neglected this can lead to the structuring of unnamableemotions that triggered by stressful condition, mental hyperactivity,and pain that cannot be explained and that may cause the individualto act on these use impulsive behaviors. Sex addiction or loveaddiction distresses young men and women of all eternities. Some ofthe problem they face includes musterbation or early porn use that iscommon among all people and three-quarter of women (Shekarey etal., 2011).

The Problem

Sexualor love addictions emotional mindset at the early stage of life is asignificant psychological aspect when it comes to personality andbehavior growth in adulthood. These services are named by theassociation between the caregiver and the individual, and it plays avital role in psychological characteristics of a person. Individualssearching for sex or looking for love has been an existing problemregardless of the development and the advent of scientific researchthat assist in reducing emotional problems. With the current fewsurvey in the context of psychological health about those individualwith sexual anomalies, this study will investigate men and women ofages between 18-60 years who believe that they have a sexualaddiction or a love addiction problem in their lives. Also, sexual orlove addiction are amongst the least deliberated themes and perhapsthe least unspoken of all the addictions. Lack of enough literatureand understanding of love or sex addiction originates from thesociety’s unwillingness to take an honest and look at the sexualconcept.

The problem is that: To investigate men and women who are sexualaddicts or love addicts. The study will, therefore, focus on theemotions of sex addicts or love addicts as an emotional aspect oflove and sex addictions. Besides, the research shall incorporatefactors that might cause sex or love addiction and effects that areassociated with this problem.

Background of the Problem

Searchingfor love or perhaps love is considered as a psychological state bymany psychologists. Mature love is one of the basic emotional needand that its nonappearance leads to a psychological deficit. Maturelove or sex entails fundamental elements that include needing,giving, companionship, and romance (Ahmadi et al., 2013Honari and Saremi, 2015). In this case, this type of love provides adevelopment environment that mutual may feel prompted to search fortheir soulmates. However, searching for sex or looking for love havebecome a common problem for many men and women today. Love or sexaddict are possibly the formation that originates from the childhoodsocial attachment from caregivers. Not enough research has beenspoken on this subject other than a few people like Patrick Carneswho is known as the pioneer in this field for love addicts or sexaddicts (Honari and Saremi, 2015). Bowlby theory suggests that humanbeings are given birth with a psychological system known as behavior.The practice is rooted in feeling or emotions, which are themultifaceted phenomenon that lies at an intersection between mind andbody. Ahmadi et al. (2013), emotion is a complex state offeeling that incorporates conscious experience, internal and explicitresponses, and the power to prompt the body for action.

Love or sex addicts are those individual who participate inpersistent and escalating patterns of sexual behavior acted outnotwithstanding the increasing adverse outcomes to the individual andothers. These individual become addicted to the neurochemicalalterations that happen in their body during sexual conduct. Ingeneral, addicted to love or sex is like being seen inferior ordefective as noted by Ward (2015). In this case, addicted person isconsidered to be weak or lazy in the sense that searching for love orlooking for sex become their problem in their entire life. Theseindividuals, in the end, are subjected to different forms of sexualor love addiction not so much love addicts, but yes definitely sexaddicts that include musturbation, habitual voyeurism, sex withprostitutes, anonymous sex with multiple partners, sex out ofcommitted marriages, inappropriate sexual touching, habitualexhibitionism, and episodes of rape. Overall, all these forms ofsexual addictions are harmful to the addict and the spouses or lovedones (Kwee, 2007).

Sexual or love addiction is deep-rooted up as from primary childhoodto adolescent. Countless of the studies have identified the effect ofsex or love addiction among youths and college students. According toHall (2006), sexual or love addiction habits is a real problem in thesense that it compels the victims to seek out and participate in thesexual behavior despite the problems it may cause to their lives. Asubstantial number of men and women have been unprotected to love orsexual addiction. Separately, in spite of the increased awareness ofthe sexual or love addiction, many therapist and psychologistsexperience discomfort or lack of knowledge dealing with the clientsof sexual addictions. Since the advent of the concept, much criticismhas popped in however, several authors have expressed concerns aboutthe use of the term sexual or love addiction. Conversely, there areseveral factors that might have compelled men and women towardsbecoming sex or love addicts (Hughes, 2010).

The study will, therefore, aimed at investigating and examiningfactor that might have lead one to become a sex or love addict.Moreover, the study will capture a population of age between 18-60and who believe that they have a sexual addiction or love addictionproblem.

Statement of the Problem

Regardless of the contemporary innovations, discoveries andachievement, humanity social and emotional problems still stand outwith particular starkness, and one of these questions in the sex orlove addict of the emotional or sexual behavior aspect. By the notionof addiction, mental and expressive factors are characteristicallyassociated to this idea. Based on the observation of an individualwith compulsive sexual behavior, addiction is a disorder involvesloss of ability to choose freely whether to stop or continue with thebehavior that leads to the experience of behavior related adverseconsequences (Sussman et al., 2011).

Other studies have scrutinized issues that may have led to sexualaddiction. However, no such studies have investigated theseparticular individuals on the effects and outcomes of Sex addictionor love addiction as emotional and sexual aspects. These problemsinclude shame (which are emotions that result from beliefs),separation, and solitude. With recent research showing that men aremore oriented towards sexual acts and women are more oriented towardslove or the emotional aspects of sex, this study will investigatesearching for love or looking for sex among women and men who arevictims of the sexual or emotional aspect of love or sex addiction.Also, various studies have the tendency towards sexually drivenbehavior to men compared to their opponents. Nevertheless, it is notclear if this trend towards sexual behavior is the general featureidentifying males and females. Therefore, the research will tend toexamine the actual current state of sexual addiction or loveaddiction among men and women and the clinical and psychologicaleffect they are facing.

Aims and Objectives of the Study

Theprimary objective of this research is to examine emotional aspect ofa love addict and sex addict.

Source of Data

Thepresence of the earmark information is the most important aspect partof any research. Following this study, the data will be acquiredfrom:

  • Secondary data from various researchers carried out by various scholars on the emotion of both love and sexual addiction.

  • Research and data set form the Ministry of Health and cases of individual who attend counselling on sex addiction problems

  • Data set from questionnaires that will be held in various counselling groups and report from therapists.

Research Questions and Hypothesis

Toaccomplish the aim and objective of the research, the followingquestions will be answered in the study:

  1. What are the emotional aspects sex addiction and love addiction?

  2. What are the different between emotional and sexual aspects of a sex addict and love addict?

  3. Does there exist any relationship between sex addiction and love addiction towards the emotional and sexual aspects of both addicts?

  4. Does sex addiction have fewer emotions or little ties with emotions while love addiction has strong links with emotions?

Conversely, depending on the primary sources, the applied knowledgeof this condition, the theoretical framework, and analysis, belowwill be the research analysis:

Hypothesis 1

Sex addicts have less or little ties with emotions and always demandsex without self-control, while love addicts have strong links withfeelings towards their love or sex lives.

Hypothesis 2

Sex addiction is associated with lust, and frequently theseindividual enjoys sex more than other people, and they are compelledto act out sexually, while love addiction is related to strongemotions and usually these people are obliged to maintain theirrelations with much care and passion.

Hypothesis 3

Love addiction has much to do with actual intimacy however, itinvolves much more of exploration and use of power or manipulation,while sex addiction has nothing to do with intimacy and the addictsbelieve that their life is out of control, and they spend more timereading or watching pornography.

Definition of the Terms

Love Addiction, according to Reynaud et al. (2010), is a particularconcept of a disorder, characterized, beyond imperious need andcraving, by a problematic of love relations leading to a significantdistress with the pursuit of adverse consequences. Sexual Addictionis any sexual-related, compulsive behavior which affects the healthyliving and severe stress and sex addicts are compelled to seek outand engage in sexual conduct, irrespective of the problems it maycause in their personal and social lives.

Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations of the Study

This study will be based on the cross-sectional qualitative studysince it will help to gather enormous sample size within the timeframe of the survey. Being a study based on individual personal lifeand privacy, acquiring right information will be limited in the sensethat the population selected for the survey will protect and preservetheir privacy.

Literature ReviewIntroduction

Love addiction implies a deep construction in a relationship,including intense feeling for another person, physical and emotionalintimacy (Sussman, 2010). Love is intellectualized as a dynamicedifice of involvement that must be repeatedly reawakened. Sussman(2010), maintains that romantic love has different elements of thatinclude needing, giving, romance, and companionship. In this case,love addiction might involve intense emotions that create anenvironment that allows mutual growth among lovers. On the otherhand, maladaptive love is said to be a type of relationship which haselements of power, possession, protection, perversion, and pity.Mostly, this kind of love is also known as love addiction in thesense that it promotes a perception that love is blind, external, andbeyond one’s control. According to the recent research, prevalenceof love addiction is 5-10 percent of the United States population.Love addiction is said to be a process of dependency meaning, itentails a pattern of recurrent behavior that at first sights resultin reports of obsessive thinking and pleasurable feelings. Sussmannotes that these pleasurable feelings and obsessive thinking as aresult of the craving for continued union with a love object(Sussman, 2010).

The cycles of elation and craving for continuous sexual behaviorinvolve the last intimation accompanied by strong ties of emotion,which are eventually followed by negative consequences. As argued byWard (2015), one key element of sex addiction is the impression that,romantic relations are magically potent, in that they are a type ofrelationships that can surmount all emotional obstacles. Individualwho are love addicts tend to express their feelings towards theirpartners using phrases that reflect love addiction type and obsessivethinking. These phrases might include “I am nothing without yourlove to call my own,” “You make feel whole.” (Sussman, 2010).Love addiction is sometimes denoted as sex addiction, butautomatically, and the obstructive love pattern of love addiction maybe more like a substance abuse type addiction than sex addiction.

Current studies have rated love addiction to be a substance ofill-treatment disorders. Sussman (2010), asserts that as a substanceabuse, role, social and physically hazardous, this type of lovecompels one’s ability not continue to function at work or home.Therefore, love addiction grounded on associations sometimes lacktrue understanding, growth, and mostly involves influence. With thecurrent overall theories, romantic love or love addiction isconsidered to be one of many emotions or factors in the biologicalimperative of human production (Fisher et al., 2010). On the otherhand, several psychologists have pointed out that love addictionshows addiction’s characteristics like lover’s intensely focusedattention on the preferred individual, mood swings, craving,compulsion, distortion of reality, and emotional dependence, andsometimes lack of self-control (Fisher et al., 2010).

According to Carnes (2000), sexual exploitation or sexual conduct, onthe other hand, have become prevalence in the workplace and thegeneral public concerning sexual disorders or cases of sexualcompulsivity. A compulsive sexual behavior or rather sexual addictionis one of the developing psychiatric illness that does not encompassany emotions. Sex addicts are those individuals who participate incontinuous and escalating patterns of sexual behavior acted outsidedespite increasingly negative consequences such as medical andpsychiatric disorders. Ewald (2003), notes that these individualbecome addicted to the neuro-chemical changes, which takes place onthe body of sexual behavior. The sex addicts are seen or consideredweak or lazy in the sense that they are compelled in many elementssuch as musterbation, sexual abuse of children.

The pervasiveness of sex addiction is unidentified but approximationsranges between 5-10 percent. According to Sex Addicts Anonymous, sixpercent of the British population are sexually addicted (Hall, 2006).Similarly, a survey of over 1000 sex addicts and their families showsthat almost 79 percent of them come from dysfunctional families andare reported to be emotionally abused, while 83 sexual assault (Hall,2006). In this case, the connotation of sexual addiction and itsemotional aspects concentrates on the three features that includeloss of control, persistence of the behavior notwithstanding adverseconsequences, and presence of withdrawal symptoms.

Theoretical Framework

In the present-day, there has been an increase in the worksconcerning sexual addiction and love addiction. There is alsomounting number of rehabilitation with related problems of sexualbehavior. This research will utilize data from peer reviewed article,medical reports on sex and love addiction. This research will alsoprovide a clear understanding and definition of sexual and loveaddiction together with their emotional aspects.

Review of the Research

Most of the recent studies have identified sex addiction and loveaddiction to be associated with medical and psychiatric disorders.However, little have covered the emotional and sexual aspects of sexaddicts and love addicts. This research, therefore, will encompassvarious topics towards sex and love addiction. Among then include thesocial and physical effects of sexual and love addiction, medicaldisorders arising from sexual addiction, relationship patterns ofboth sex and love addicts, Emotional and sexual aspects of bothsexual and love addicts, and definition of compulsive behavior.

Research Design and MethodologyIntroduction

This chapter will aim at discussing and justifying the researchmethodology and methods used to collect data and analyses data toachieve the research objectives. The goals are related to theemotional aspects associated with love addiction and sex addiction.The structure of this chapter will highlight research objectives aswell as questions and justification of the methods through which theinvestigator will carry out the research activities.

The primary purpose and objective of this study include:

  • Examine and analyze the emotional aspects of both love and sex addicts.

  • To discuss the current problem associated with love addiction and sexual addiction.

  • To investigate and consider more common issues that are related to sexual or love addiction.

  • To create further knowledge and provide recommendation on how to manage love and sex addiction.

Research Design

According to the problem presented in this study, this research willadopt onion research model. These type of model will cover five mainlayers that include research philosophy, research approaches,research strategies, time horizons, and data collection methods.

Research Approach

The choice of the methodology of a given research always depends onin the aim, upon significant circumstances, such as field of thestudy and objectives of the investigation and the findings that theliterature review has revealed. This study will incorporate bothdeductive and inductive approach. The deductive approach will use theexisting theory that is subjected to the precise testing andinvestigating observation made and the generalization. However, theinductive approach will be concerned with coming up with new theorythrough construction of the generalization about the problem beingexamined, in this case, the emotional aspect of love and sexualaddiction.

Research Questions

To accomplish the aim and objective of the research, the followingquestions will be answered in the study:

  1. What are the emotional aspects sex addiction and love addiction?

  2. What are the different between emotional and sexual aspects of a sex addict and love addict?

  3. Does there exist any relationship between sex addiction and love addiction towards the emotional and sexual aspects of both addicts?

  4. Does sex addiction have less emotions or little ties with emotions while love addiction have strong ties with emotions?

Data collection

The success of these research will rely on the incorporation of datain a meaningful manner. In this study, both primary and secondarydata will be used to gather information. The primary data will becollected using semi-structured interview and questionnaires.Questionnaires will be distributed among the targeted population. Onthe other hand, through the investigative method, semi-structuredinterviews will be used to obtain data directly from participants whowill be involved in this research area and also provide awareness inthe perceptive point of view as well as keen in-depth understanding.

Considering the secondary data, both qualitative and quantitativedata will be employed in data collection approach. In this case,significant data will be collected using several techniques likenewspapers, journal, websites, and books. To ensure the reliability,these sources will be gathered from academic databases and records.

Population and Sample

The study will be conducted in most Sex Addicts Anonymous addictionmeetings (SAA), records in hospitals for individual of sex and loveaddicts. The study will use sampling methods such as systematicsampling, random sampling, stratified sampling, and conveniencesampling. The target population is men and women of age between 18-60years who have the problem of sex or love addiction.

Instrumentation

Thisresearch will derive its data from primary sources namely:Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. These techniques willbe the principle instrument used for data collection.

Data analysis

The data which will be collected will be recorded in an Excel sheetafter which these data will be analyzed in the SPPS version tool.However, the descriptive analysis will be evaluated by consideringstatistical data, percentage, and the mean.

Conclusion

The mixed approach will be used in the present research to justifythe objective of the research. In a nutshell, the study will use bothprimary and secondary data.

Outcome and Significance of the Study

The present study will contribute vastly to the perception ofemotional aspects of a love addict and sex addict. This studyproceeds further to define the meaning of love addiction as aparticular concept of disorder that is associated with imperious needand craving with problematic patterns of love. Similarly, the studywill distinguish the emotional aspects of sexual addicts and loveaddicts. On the other hand, the study will seed to explain emotionaland sexual aspect of love and how love and sex addicts are effected.It will also identify risk factors that are associated with the onsetaddiction of both sex and love addicts. Finally, the study will alsoprovide essentially for advocating the risk factors for both sex andlove addicts among men and women and addressing issues related toemotional and sexual aspects of these individuals.

Structure of the study

Chapter1: Introduction: This section will outline the researchquestions, the importance of the research, contribution of the study,and brief information about the problem.

Chapter2: Literature Review: In this section, pertinent information fromrelevant secondary sources will be evaluated. In this chapter, allaspects of that relate to the emotional type of sexual or loveaddiction will be assessed.

Chapter3: Research Design and Methodology: this chapter will addressresearch methodologies that include methods of data collection,research philosophy, research design, research approach, sampling,target population and instrument.

Chapter4: Results: this section will describe how interviews andquestionnaires were conducted to achieve primary data.

Chapter5: Discussion and Conclusion: From the analysis andinterpretation of data, findings and recommendations will beformulated. Areas that calls for further research will also bementioned.

References

Ahmadi et al. (2013). Prevalence of Obsessive Love and ItsAssociation with Attachment Styles. Procedia – Social andBehavioral Sciences 84 696 – 700.

Carnes, P. J. (2000). Sexual Addiction and Compulsion: Recognition,Treatment, Recovery. CNS Spectrums 2000 5(10): 63-72.

Ewald, R. (2003). Sexual Addiction. [online] Available fromhttp://allpsych.com/journal/sexaddiction/ (23 August 2016).

Fisher et al. (2010). Reward, Addiction, and EmotionRegulations Systems Associated with Rejection in Love. Journal ofNeurophysiology 104:51-60, 2010.doi:10.1152/jn.00784.2009.

Giuseppe, C. (2014). The Dissociative Nature of Sexual Addiction: TheRole of Traumatic Emotions. Procedia – Social and BehavioralSciences 114 45 – 51.

Hall, P. (2006). Understanding Sex Addiction. Published inTherapy Today. Available fromhttp://paulahall.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Paula-Hall-Understanding-Sexual-Addiction.pdf(August 23, 2016).

Honari, B., and Saremi, A. A. (2015). The Study of Relationshipbetween Attachment Styles and Obsessive Love. Procedia – Socialand Behavioral Sciences, 165 152 – 159.

Hughes, B. (2010). Understanding Sexual Addiction in ClinicalPractice. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 5 915–919.

Kwee, A. (2007). Constructing Addiction from Experience and Context:Peel and Brodsky’s Love and Addiction Revisited. SexualAddiction &amp Compulsivity, 14:221–237, 2007 DOI:10.1080/10720160701480535.

Reynaud et al. (2010). Is Love Passion and Addictive Disorder?The American Journal of Drug and AlcoholAbuse, 36:261–267, 2010 DOI:10.3109/00952990.2010.495183.

Shekarey et al. (2011). Musterbation: Prevention and TreatmentProcedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. 30 (2011) 1641 –1646.

Sussman et al. (2011). Prevalence of the Addictions: A Problemof the Majority or the Minority. Eval Health Prof. 2011 March34(1): 3–56. doi:10.1177/0163278710380124.

Sussman, S. (2010). Love Addiction: Definition, Etiology, andTreatment. Sexual Addiction &amp Compulsivity, 17:31–45,2010 DOI: 10.1080/10720161003604095.

Ward, M. H. (2015). Psychosexualism in Victorian Literature: APsychoanalysis of Jane Eyre and Dracula. Theses, Dissertations,and Capstones. Paper 957.

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