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Morris, J. (2014). Understanding Diabetes- What is Diabetes? Retrieved on 15th August 2016, from

Mayo Clinic. (2016). Diabetes. Retrieved on 15th August 2016, from


  • Definition

  • Diabetes Varieties

  • Signs and Symptoms

  • Causes

  • Treatment

  • Treatment Medications

  • Treatment Procedures and Preparations


Signs and Symptoms

  • Extreme thirst

  • Drowsiness

  • Nausea

  • Frequent urination

  • Poor wound healing

  • Extreme hunger

  • Irritability

  • Blurred vision

Causes of diabetes

  • Production of little or no insulin (Type 1)

  • Environment factors

  • Physical inactivity (Type 2)

  • Obesity (Type 2)

  • Body cells resistance to insulin action (Type 2)

  • Placenta-secreted hormones facilitate cell-insulin resistance (Gestational)


  • Blood sugar monitoring

  • Insulin injections

  • Exercise

  • Special diets

  • Tablets

  • Pancreas transplant (type 1)

  • Bariatric surgery

Treatment Medications

Biguanides, Sulphonylureas, Thiazolidinediones. Alpha glucosidase inhibitor, Incretin mimetics, prandial glucose regulators, SGLT2inhibitors, and DPP-4 inhibitors (Mayo clinic, 2016).

Treatment Procedures and Preparations

Pancreas transplant

Choose transplant center, go through eligibility evaluation, wait in the national list for transplant, and stay healthy.

Bariatric surgery

Choose a surgery center and get examines. Staying healthy and employ a strong support system.


Diabetes serves as a chronic illness where the human body fails to utilize the produced insulin properly or to generate enough insulin altogether (Morris, 2014). Insulin aids with the absorption of glucose into body cells to provide the energy. Without it, glucose builds up in the body’s blood stream leading to high blood glucose concentrations, hence diabetes.

Diabetes Varieties

There are three primary forms of diabetes

Type 1

Body does not generate the required insulin for glucose absorption into cells. It accounts for 10% diabetes cases

Type 2

Body fails to utilize the produced insulin effectively. It represents 90% of diabetes cases.


A very rare condition results from pregnancy


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