Toimpact the improvement of the foetus during conception and pregnancy,maternal nutrition at these stages contributes to the development ofa healthy infant. It is agreed that at the expense of the maternalneeds, the foetus nourishes adequately, though, it is becoming clearthat this may not be the case. Embryo growth can be complicated ifspecific nutrients are not provided during critical growth windows(Ruelet al., 2013)).Not only is nutrition important for the embryo development, but alsosignificant in the infants’ adulthood during the threats ofchronicle illness (Kajantie et al., 2005). Health officials have aunique opportunity when working with infants and their mothers, ininfluencing the lifelong health of the child, mother and family unit,by promoting suitable nutrition (Lauwers& Swisher, 2015).Until twenty-four months of age, the critical “window ofopportunity” is likely to happen from conception.
Poorutero-diet increases the chances for adult cardiovascular ailments(Kajantie et al., 2005), obesity, high blood pressure and metabolicsyndrome. Additionally, new-borns children with apparently normalbirth weight have high dangers of a cardiac death later in life, ifnot appropriately fed in the uterus. Obese mothers have a higherchance of conceiving large gestational age babies compared to theirhealthy weight counterparts, which notably raises the risks ofdelivery complications. Pregnancy gives an exceptional opportunity inaffecting the long-term wellbeing of a new-born child and its mother(Kajantie et al., 2005).Maternal nutrition influences the foetusadipose tissue type, which explains the baby’s danger of developingsubsequent diabetes and insulin resistance later on. Improved way oflife and nutrition plans, conceivably lessen the risks.
KajantieE, Osmond C, Barker DJ, Forsén T, Phillips DI, Eriksson JG (2005)Size at birth as a predictor of mortality in adulthood: a follow-upof 350000 person years. International Journal of Epidemiology. Jun34 (3):655-63.
Lauwers,J., & Swisher, A. (2015). Counselingthe nursing mother.Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Ruel,M. T., Alderman, H., & Maternal and Child Nutrition Study Group.(2013). Nutrition-sensitive interventions and programmes: how canthey help to accelerate progress in improving maternal and childnutrition? TheLancet, 382(9891),536-551.