PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE IN NURSING PRACTICE
Philosophyand science in nursing practice
Nursingand medicine are disciplines based on healthcare provision. Nurses ingreat extent focus their attention on scientific aspects coveringareas of assessment, diagnosis as well as applying the evidence-basednursing outcome classification to attend to the patient. However,they should go beyond using only biological science while executingtheir professional duties. A holistic approach is highly needed incaring for patients. The appropriate approach is the one which takesinto account the patient’s physiological, sociological, and,biological together with spiritual needs (Risjord, M. 2011). Based onthe fundamentals of the holistic approach, the healing process isfocused on the patient and the disease. Every human being has anatural inclination to be healthy, and has responsibility forself-well-being, care, and healing. The approach also states thatevery person is a unique combination of mind, body and spirit, andthe unified whole is more than the sum of the parts. Any change inone aspect of the patients’ life results in alteration of theirwell-being. Communication and therapeutically interacting with thepatient are essential aspects of the holistic approach.
Philosophyenhances the nurses’ ability to theorize and thus, enables them tocome up with appropriate decisions in various situations. It isneeded to draw sense, articulate and critique nursing practice. It isalso essential in inquiring into the nature, scope and object of thisdiscipline that science cannot discover. Science is applicable inareas of diseases based on the disease history, patient’s profileand test results. Philosophy is applied as a method by nurses tocritically analyze and then debate clinical situations that affectpatient’s safety and ethical nursing care (Bruce A., Rietze L. &Lim A. 2014). It equips nurses with vital skills to develop andembrace moral values in their places of work and the profession as awhole.
BruceA., Rietze L. & Lim A. (2014), Understanding Philosophy in aNurse’s World: What, Where and Why? Nursingand Health,2(3): 65-71
Risjord,M. (2011). NursingKnowledge: Science, Practice, and Philosophy.New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Walker,J. (2012). Psychologyfor nurses and the caring professions.Maidenhead: Open University Press.