PERSON-IN-ENVIRONMENT PERSPECTIVE IN DEVELOPING POLICIES AND PROGRAMS
Person-in-environment perspective is an ideology for understandinghuman behavior by considering key components of an individual’senvironment. Such aspects include social, political, economic,familial, and physical conditions and influences. It is anorientation that views the client as part of an environmental system.The social work professionals work towards empowering people, smalland large entities, and their communities to realize the potentialand solve own problems (Rappaport, J. 2013). To achieve this, theyhave to enforce social reforms that outdo societal obstaclesaffecting the sense of well-being of people, reduce inequalities andincrease social justice. This perspective enhances the range ofinterventions available to the social worker so that they canintervene directly with the individual or into aspects of theenvironment or both.
Accordingto Rogers A. (2013), macro-level workers are social workers based inthe community. They work with community-based organizations orindividuals, serving many roles in leadership or in non-profitprojects for particular communities. As such, when they aredeveloping programs and policies, considering theperson-in-environment is imperative.
Sincethe programs initiated are meant to benefit the people in the longterm, their involvement from the onset creates a sense of ownership.It may be on poverty reduction, crime, crime, or education. Thetarget community would feel a sense of belonging and broader anddeeper understanding of the programs. Policies and programs have tobe relevant to the needs of the community in question. Therefore,earlier involvement would challenge the stakeholders and the opinionleaders of these groups to seek to start majorly what they findnecessary for this group. For example, policies on the violence oflocally based crimes are best implemented when the sense of communitypolicing (Dziegielewski & Jacinto, 2016).
Dziegielewski S. F., & Jacinto G. A. (2016). Social workpractice and psychopharmacology: a person-in-environment approach.Springer Publishing Company.
Rappaport, J. (2013). Conceptual, Theoretical, and Research IssuesRelated to Empowerment Practice. Substance AbuseIntervention, Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Systems Change: HelpingIndividuals, Families, and Groups to Empower Themselves, 3.
Rogers, A. (2013). Human behavior in the social environment.Routledge.