OratoricalLeaders and the Magic of Stereotypes
OratoricalLeaders and the Magic of Stereotypes
Afterthrough research of all the listed speakers and their speeches, myfinal choice fell between Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King.However, I decided to go with Dr. since I felt I could identify withhim more. My decision was due to his emphasis on the freedom of humanbeings from all races rather than a single race. Certainly, from his‘I have a dream’ speech, Martin Luther King portrayed an honestand absolute love for humanity. As a person, he not only strived tofight form the African-American civil rights but also their freedomand right to experience equal treatment as their white-Americancounterparts. When I evaluate his work, I agree with his views andbeliefs that all human beings should only receive judgment from theircharacter substance instead of their skin color (King, 2004). Inagreement with Anderson (2015), all Dr. King wanted was a perfectAmerica where justice, equality, individualism, and communalcelebration are prioritized. Owing to these qualities, I saw Dr.Martin Luther King as a viable leader to research on because I thinkhe has the ability to command nations and individuals towardspolitical freedom, emancipation, and economic success. I managed toboth watch and read Dr. King’s speech several times due to thepassion and intensity at which he lays down his beliefs. Through hisvoice, one is able to gather how important the concept of freedom andequality is to him and the greater America. Additionally, one is ableto pick up Dr. King’s dedicated and sincere love for America andits occupants. Therefore, this proves that he was more intent inensuring that African Americans enjoy a life that lack discriminationby voicing out their concerns to the larger American community.
Inthe speech given by Martin Luther King, it is apparent that theAfrican American individuals struggling to fight for their civilrights serve as the in-group. These individuals desired to experiencehumane treatment and enjoy similar rights to those bestowed on thewhite-American individuals. Therefore, equality was their unifyingvalue. Accordingly, Dr. King saw it as his duty to inform thegovernment on this inequality and discrimination without employingviolence. Furthermore, he wanted to indicate the amount of anger thatAfrican-Americans have concerning the issue suggesting that it wastime for the oppression era to conclude. The African-Americansexpressed their anger by working communally to boycott businesses andbuses, which showed support to any form of segregation process.However, Dr. King managed to enforce love attributes into thisin-group claiming that not all white-Americans embrace the conceptsof racism and segregation (King, 2004). Due to this, it is importantthat they all work together with no attention given to race toguarantee a free America. Duffy & Besel (2010) claim that unityis a significant factor to get any institutions attention sinceindividuals not only seek to make life comfortable for them but alsofor their neighbors without any defined limit. In the Christianitydoctrine, it is true that people should be able to practiceunconditional love, meaning their love should not have a boundary.Further, Anderson (2015) claims Dr. King’s perception of love isunbiased where individuals should have a sense of belonging in theirNation. Evidently, Dr. King expresses his unconditional love forhuman beings from all races and America as a nation. He felt that tolove meant to counterattack injustice, to reinstate community, tomeet a brother’s need, and to practice God’s attributes.
Subsequently,Dr. King’s speech pointed out that despite the signing of theEmancipation Proclamation to create a greater America by the freeingof the Negro slaves, the blacks to date remain oppressed. He alsomentioned that the American Declaration of Independence claimed thatevery man, regardless of color would experience a guaranteedunalienable right to liberty, life, as well as, a pursuit forhappiness (King, 2004). Color became an important determinant toenjoy freedom. These are some of the discriminations experienced bythe African Americans. Additionally, the black people experiencedbrutality in the form of violence from the police and they underwentattacks. Notwithstanding, they stood firm and continued with theirstruggle to gain back their civil rights. Martin Luther King revealedstereotype concerning the occupants in the ghetto, which persistsamong the African American people even today (King, 2004). Accordingto Duffy & Besel (2010), he asserted that the black Americanswould never enjoy satisfaction if their basic mobility involvesaround moving from a smaller to an even larger ghetto. Therefore,these are some of the problems the Negros encountered but are stillexperiencing in the current world. It is noticeable that thesecurrent societies still feel the black people fit into the ghetto.The notion should change since no able person should belong in suchenvironments. America’s ultimate goal should involve ridding thecountry off ghettos ensuring that every person lives around good andsafe communities because the in-group is searching for love, respect,equality, and justice.
Accordingto Martin Luther King, not every white American was against therights of the blacks (King, 2004). Only the white American peopleagainst African American civil rights and abolishment of segregationformed the out-group. In my view, the in-group were inferior to theout-groups. The African Americans evidently served as slaves to thewhites for a very long time. Majority of their community occupiedpoverty areas including the ghetto and did not really move intobetter neighborhoods. Despite this, some out-group members justoperated within their era’s social structures since they grew upwith those notions such as the Ku Klux Klan (Anderson, 2015). Many ofthem witnessed Negros being slaves in their households, as well as,being the primary victims of police brutality. They also interpretedthat a good proportion of the African American community lived ingreave poverty. Such observations made them believe African Americanshad no rights and they are to be poor. Due to this, they continued tooppress the in-group making them feel subordinate as theirforefathers. Nevertheless, some members of the group realized theinjustice caused on the black community. Dr. King amidst this hatred,he preached love towards the whites (Anderson, 2015). If love existswithin a community with different types of people, they will learnhow to live together in peace and ensure that every individual feelswelcome.
Therehave been several instances where I have experienced discriminationowing to my gender or race. Additionally, I have been situationswhere I declined to participate in my peer group events since theyrefused to work with members of other races. At some other point, myown parent forbade me from playing with children from a race otherthan mine because they thought I would develop ill manners. Suchnotions are backward and help develop hostility between people fromdifferent races. Often than not, I disregarded this commands and wentahead to enjoy the company of my friends both at school and at home.Further, the media does not behave any better they often portray theNegros as the bad people while the whites are given higher regard. Inthe job setups today, many of the white Americans enjoy the higherranked jobs while the blacks get the low paying jobs. I believe thatin these present societies, discrimination and prejudice still existssince it is nurtured, meaning race ignorance is not geneticallylinked. People get to learn about race-centered negative stereotypesfrom other individuals in the community including parents, peergroups, and even the media. Americans should acknowledge and realizethat every human being has feelings and move past these racialstereotypes. It is true that discrimination, injustice, andsegregation feed hatred despite some members of the society thinkingotherwise. People need to embrace their differences and work togetherin harmony. Through this, America can collectively work towardspolitical freedom and economic prosperity.
Anderson,T. H. (2015). Waking from the Dream: The Struggle for Civil Rights inthe Shadow of Martin Luther King, Jr. JournalOf Southern History,(2), 520
Duffy,B. K., & Besel, R. D. (2010). Martin Luther King Jr.`s “I Havea Dream” and the Politics of Cultural Memory: An Apostil. Anq,23(3),184-191
King,M. (2004). ‘I have a dream’. NewAfrican,(435), 67-67