Key Concept in Information System Management

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Key Concept in Information Systems Management

Information systemsare considered as the backbone of most organizations since theycannot operate without its support. Notably, Information system is aprocedure that compiles, develops, stores, scrutinize, anddisseminates data for a precise reason(Karim, 2011). Also, it comprises of five components, namely:data, people, procedure, software, and hardware. All componentsinterrelate with each other, whereby, people exploit both softwareand hardware (computer) to access data, using a particular requiredprocedure. Nonetheless, data are just raw material for obtaininginformation. Therefore, the information systems utilize stored factsto provide necessary information. The stored data is usually capturedfrom an organization and its environs. Depending on the kind ofinformation system, the database output takes the form of a report,query, or transaction document.

Official systemsrely on procedures that are authorized and acknowledged byadministrative practice, for accessing data to acquire information.Even though they do not have to be automated, current formalinformation systems are (Karim,2011). In most cases, the data captured by the system relatesto the business of an organization, serving to generate internalinformation. However, in the event of a competitive market, a firmrequires to get access to external information, thus making bothinner and outer data crucial to an association. On the other hand,decision support system assists the administration in makingdecisions in circumstances where there is ambiguity concerning theprobable outcome. Similarly, it collects applicable data and analyzesthe prospect and alternatives, through the exploitation of complexspreadsheet and database. Lastly, the synthetic intelligence ispremeditated to solve complex issues by reckoning about knowledge,like a specialist, and not by adhering the developer’s procedure.


Karim,A. J. (2011). The significance of management information systems forenhancing strategic and tactical planning. Journal of InformationSystems and Technology Management: JISTEM, 8(2), 459-470. Retrievedfrom:

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