Italian Literature

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QuestionA: Alessandro Manzoni’s Novel TheBetrothed

Inthe context of , TheBetrothedoriginally published as PromessiSposihas been rated as one of the most widely sought after novel.Alessandro Manzoni was born into a liberal, noble and literaryfamily. He was a reserved, mild personality with an expressivesensitivity. He used to be a Catholic believer before he regressedand married a Swiss Protestant. After the birth of his first child,his wife converted to Catholicism and the family returned to thechurch he had abandoned. Even in Manzoni’s novel, conversions are aregular occurrence as the masterpiece continually promotes aChristian conviction whose followers are rewarded for yielding toGod’s providential wisdom. The book is considered a universalportrait of Italy and it is usually recommended for use in thecountry’s secondary schools.

Theplot tells of Italian Natives who find their fate entwined with thedestiny of the Spanish colonialists. The story commences with theintroduction of two peasant lovebirds who are trying to get marriedagainst near-impossible likelihoods. They are oblivious of thebizarre twist of events that are about to unfold, some of which willcause predominant influences in major parts of their lives. The wholestory revolves around the wrath of Northern Italian natives to resistthe dominance of foreign rule in their land. The novel follows theundying love of Lucia and Renzo amid riots, famine, plague, and warsto reveal issues like sainthood and religious hypocrisy.

Boththe major and minor characters work together to see to it that thewhole story lays up an exquisite tale that defines the complicatedrelationship between Italians and Spaniards during the 17thcentury. Ranging from Lorenzo to Lucia and Don Rodrigo down to thelist of minor characters like Count Attilio and Nibbio, thecharacters contribute to giving a taste of what shapes up TheBetrothed.Major themes include heroism and cowardice, which are perfectlyexecuted in the characterization of Renzo and Lucia respectively(Manzoni, 2009). Heroism is prevalent in the whole text right fromthe beginning to the very end. In terms of stylistic devices, sarcasmand direct translation or rather the use of local dialect top thelist. Instances of direct translation are depicted in the novel,especially during the special religious events that the Natives holdin respect of their ancestors.

QuestionC (part 2)

LuigiPirandello’s work of art is termed as a Meta theatre that is filledwith utmost absurd scenes as it is based on a story within anotheraccount. The drama begins with a set of actors questioning theirdirector of the role that each of them should play in relation to ascene, they had just witnessed a couple of seconds back. In relationto the quoted text, the father is explaining of the shaky reality ofpeople. For most individuals, yesterday is a past memory and probablyan illusion. The statement is showing the complication ofdistinguishing between what is imaginary and true. It is highlightingthe point that the author is attempting to communicate to readers.The playwright is attempting to portray that in the play, thecharacters seem more real when compared to the actors. Thus, thefather indicates that since the characters of the play will alwaysremain the same while the actors’ identities change over time,reality of yesterday cannot be the same tomorrow or in the future.The last bit of the quote serves as a perfect negative flag through asimple scrutiny process. In actual sense, the reality that oneestablishes today will stay to be tomorrow’s reality if they devoteall their resources towards achieving the goal of self-contentment.


Manzoni,A. (2009).I Promessi sposi: T.V Series Review.London. Dent and Sons Publishers.

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