Inductive Reasoning Discussion

  • Uncategorized

InductiveReasoning Discussion

Summary

Dr.James McPartland’s research is a study of children with Asperger’ssyndrome, whereby there were various patterns of brain connectivity.In this study, he used electroencephalography recordings to estimatethe level of signals within the brain of children. The researchnarrowed down to 26 children with the syndrome to determine whetherthe measures of brain connectivity would show that they are a portionof autism group (Felder,2014).The study also entailed other 400 children with autism and 550children typically-developing children, as control experiments(Asperger`s andAutism: Brain Differences Found).The researcher found out that children with Asperger are the samewith those with autism. Both of them illustrated weak connectionscompared with developing children in the arcuate fasciculus.Additionally, the researcher found out that there is a strongconnectivity between the left hemisphere of the brain in childrenwith this syndrome, and this might be what makes them uniqueregarding their abilities and personalities (Felder,2014).From the study, it is evident that people with Asperger’s syndromehave unusual characters like being overly attached to particularpractices.

Premise1:Asperger’s syndrome is a brain deficiency that makes people to haveunique behaviors while interacting with other people.

Premise2:the syndrome should be studied keenly to determine any measuresof brain connectivity in the brains of the patients.

Thisis an inductive argument since the observation is based on a sampleof 26 children with Asperger syndrome and this predicts the situationin the population of all people with the syndrome. The conclusion ofthe research is based on the results from the sample (26 children)since it is impossible to study all individuals with this syndrome(Asperger`s andAutism: Brain Differences Found).From McPartland’s research, it is evident that persons withAsperger’s syndrome find it hard to interact with others, and theycan show various unusual behaviors, for instance, repeating the sameaction severally (Asperger`s andAutism: Brain Differences Found).This traits are because of some alterations in the brain due to somefactors which are yet to be known. Medications for this deficiency isunderway thus current remedies just attempt to contain the situationof the patients. Typically, there is a difference observed betweenthe connectivity of the other parts of the brain. Currently, there isno cure for the syndrome though environmental factors play a role inmaintaining its effects (Asperger`s andAutism: Brain Differences Found).Therefore, it can be concluded that this argument is an inference tothe best explanation.

Strengthsof the argument

Thisresearch is a weak inductive argument because of the minute samplesize compared to the people with this syndrome. The research is notconclusive because the researcher did not use other methods ofdetermining the state of the patients apart from usingelectroencephalography. For this argument to be stronger, theresearcher would have used a larger sample size. For instance,instead of basing the research on 26 children, the researcher wouldhave used children, youths, and adults (Felder,2014).Additionally, apart from measuring the signaling in the brain, theresearcher would consider other factors, for instance, theenvironment and intake of some chemicals so that the results could besubstantive. This way, the exact cause would be established and aremedy proposed if any (Asperger`s andAutism: Brain Differences Found).Lastly, the research would have been strengthened by considering someof the causes of the Asperger’s syndrome and some of the availabletreatments. As a result, it would be simple for the audience tounderstand the origin, causes, and cure of Asperger’s syndrome.

Conclusion

Peoplesuffering from Asperger syndrome usually exhibit unusual behavior andintelligence. A person suffering from the condition is normallycharacterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication,flexibility of thinking and imagination. Motor, sensory andorganization issues may also manifest themselves. Conclusive researchshould be conducted to give a more clear insight of the condition.Pattern of behaviors and abilities should be studied in patients withthis condition. This would help in formulating the best therapy forthe patients.

References

Felder,M. A. (2014).&nbspAspergersyndrome: assessing and treating high-functioning autism spectru`mdisorders.J. C. McPartland, A. Klin, &amp F. R. Volkmar (Eds.). GuilfordPublications.

http://www.livescience.com/38630-autism-asperger-eeg-connectivity.html(Asperger`sand Autism: Brain Differences Found)

Close Menu