HighRates of Diabetes among Hispanic Americans
HighRates of Diabetes among Hispanic Americans
Diabetesis among the key health problems in the U.S. However, this medicalcondition affects the Hispanic Americans disproportionately.According to Heiss, Snyder, Teng, Llabre, Scheneiderman, Cowie,Carnethon, Gallo, Kaplan, Loehr & Santa (2014) the prevalence ofdiabetes is 36 % in female and 34 % in male Hispanic Americans. Apartfrom the ethnic background, the prevalence of diabetes varies withgender and age. It affects about 62 % and 23 % of the HispanicAmericans aged 56-74 and 18-44 years, respectively (Heiss etal.,2014). The high prevalence among the Hispanic community, coupled withthe fact that diabetes affects the elderly people makes it anecessary topic for a health promotion project. In addition, theoccurrence of diabetes is associated with poverty and the low levelof education (Lopez & Golden, 2014). This suggests that diabetesaffects Hispanic Americans who have no resources and knowledge thatcan help the access health information and medical care. A healthpromotion project will help the Hispanic people deal with diabetes.
Thisproject is associated with the Healthy People 2020 because itacknowledges the fact that the minority (including the HispanicAmericans) are disproportionately affected by the diabetes. Inaddition, they project and the Healthy People 2020 aim at reducingthe prevalence of diabetes as well as its economic burden on thevulnerable community. The main goal of the stakeholders in the healthcare sector is to reduce the rate of diabetes and its economic burdenin order to enhance the quality of life of the communities classifiedas the most vulnerable. Therefore, the Healthy People 2020 and theproject pursue the same goal.
of the Articles
Thearticle “Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Hispanics/Latinosof diverse background: The Hispanic community health study” waspublished by about 12 authors and published in Diabetes Care in 2014.The article focused on the identification of the causes of highprevalence of diabetes and its quantification among the HispanicAmericans. The authors identified that the Hispanic community isdisproportionately affected by diabetes, but the elderly people areaffected the most. More than half of the Latinos aged above 65 yearssuffer from diabetes.
Thearticle “The relationship between Native Americans ancestry, bodymass index, and diabetes risk among Mexican Americans” was writtenby Hao Hu, Yuko Yamamura, Chad Huff, Xiefeng Wu, and Sara Strom andpublished in Plos One in 2015. The article compared the prevalence ofdiabetes among the Native Americans and Hispanic Americans who camefrom Mexico. The authors found out that genetic predisposition and ahigh BMI among the Hispanic people were among the key factors thatsubjected them to the risk of contracting diabetes. The high BMI isassociated with risky behaviors and lifestyle.
Thearticle “A new era in understanding diabetes disparities among U.S.Latinos-All are not equal” was authored by Lenny Lopez and SheritaGolden and published in Diabetes Care in 2014. The article addressedthe issue of disproportionate increase in the prevalence of diabetesamong the Hispanic population. The authors reported that low incomeand education are some of the common factors associated with theoccurrence of diabetes. The lack of education implies that the mostvulnerable people fail to understand the association between theirlifestyle and the risk of contracting diabetes.
Theuse of the Information in the Health Promotion Project
Thecontent of the three articles was used to identify the risk factorsthat make the Hispanic community more vulnerable to diabetes thanother groups. For example, it was determined that risky behaviors andlifestyle (including the lack of exercise) are among the major causesof diabetes among the Hispanic community (Hu, Huff, Yamamura, Wu &Strom, 2015). This information was significant because it determinedthe focus as well as the scope of the health promotion project. Inaddition, the information provided by Heiss (etal.,2014) indicated that the poor lifestyle is associated with the lackof education. This information made it possible to design the healthpromotion campaign that targets people who do not understand theassociation between their lifestyle and health.
Approachesfor Educating the Hispanic Community
Thereare two approaches that were developed with the objective ofeducating the Hispanic community about diabetes. First, the socialmarketing approach was designed to help the target populationunderstand the significance of changing behavior. This is a need-ledapproach, where the vulnerable people from the Hispanic community areexpected to learn about the need for healthy lifestyle and how itwill affect their health. The second approach is communityempowerment, which will be accomplished by organizing seminars inareas that are highly populated by Hispanic citizens. The objectiveof this approach is to equip the vulnerable people with the skillsthat they need in order to adopt the proper lifestyle.
Waysof Promoting Lifestyle Change
Thereare two effective approaches that will be used to facilitate a changein lifestyle among the Hispanic Americans. The first approach isbased on the social learning theory whereby individuals will berewarded for the positive adjustment that they make in theirlifestyle. This will be preceded by the establishment of supportgroups that will bring together individuals who have been subjectedto the risk of suffering from obesity due to their risky behaviors.Individuals who make progress within these groups will be rewarded.Secondly, the cognitive approach relies on the way different peopleprocess information. For example, vulnerable people will be issuedwith brochures that inform them about the significance of adoptinghealthy lifestyles.
Althoughdiabetes is a medical condition that affects all, the minority groups(including the Hispanic Americans) are affected more than otherraces. Diabetes is associated with a high BMI, which suggests thatlifestyle issues (such as the lack of exercise and poor eatinghabits) are some of the risk factors for this medical condition. Thisimplies that the health care promotion project should focus oneducating the vulnerable population about the importance of changinglifestyle and adopting healthy habits. The health promotion projectshould address cultural issues that increase the risk of Hispanicpeople suffering from diabetes.
Heiss,G., Snyder, L., Teng, Y., Llabre, M., Scheneiderman, N., Cowie, C.,Carnethon, M., Gallo, L., Kaplan, R., Loehr, L. & Santa, L.(2014). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Hispanics Latinos ofdiverse background: The Hispanic community health study/study ofLatino. DiabetesCare,37, 2381-2399.
Hu,H., Huff, D., Yamamura, Y., Wu, X. & Strom, S. (2015). Therelationship between Native American ancestry, body mass index anddiabetes risk among Mexican-Americans. PlosOne,1, 1-13.
Lopez,L. & Golden, S. (2014). A new era in understanding diabetesdisparities among U.S. Latinos-All are not equal. DiabetesCare,37, 2080-2083.