Theincorporation of health IT comprises an assortment of automatedsystems that are essential in the management of information relatedto the health of patients. The quality of health care is improvedthrough the use of HIT in addition to lowering the health care costs.
Importanceof health IT
Healthcareproviders can appropriately offer quality patient care throughsharing and using information in a secure manner. The development ofprivate and secure EHR for patients and making the dataelectronically accessible anytime, this improves health care qualityand making it cost effective. Some of the benefits that healthproviders will derive from health IT include
Patients’ health information will be complete and accurate. This facilitates the provision of quality care either during a normal visit or emergency.
The care given will be better coordinated among the health professionals especially where the medical situation is grave.
Information can be securely shared with patients and close relatives through online platforms for those who are comfortable with it facilitating an all-inclusive decision making process.
Health problems can be diagnosed quickly, medical errors reduced and provision of safer care at lowered costs.
After the full integration of health IT into the delivery of health care, the probability of improving health care quality and safety is increased as compared to paper records.
Qualityhealth care is the keystone that encompasses patient safety. Qualityhealth care delivery is indistinguishable from patient safety.Quality offers an ideal balance between acknowledged likely outcomesand a structure of values and norms (Carayon, 2016).
Theprimary objective of patient safety is to prevent the patient frombeing harmed. Health IT emphasizes on error prevention and remedieslearned from the mistakes that do occur. The implementation processof health IT incorporates all the safety considerations. Acomprehensive understanding of the data requirements of healthinstitution and the capabilities of the system are some of thecritical aspects of concern. The accomplishment of a safe andefficient care demands a continuous commitment to safety (Chen,2016). The processes of interest include the acquisition of thesoftware, implementation, and maintenance.
Potentialbenefits of some components of health IT
Computerized Provider Order Entry CPOE)
Thissystem allows for the recording, storage, retrieval and modify orderssuch as prescription and diagnostic testing.
Benefitslegible orders will be largely increased, turnaround times will bereduced, medication errors are drastically reduced and treatmentgoals will be highly attained among patients.
Clinical decision support – Clinicians will be alerted and monitor the condition of patients, medications and treatment to achieve medical based clinical propositions.
Benefitsclinicians will be notified of adverse conditions, treatment goalsare likely to be achieved, effective long term treatment, medicationerrors reduced, monitoring of toxic drug levels, quick therapeuticstabilization of patients, risk of prescribing non-preferredmedications are reduced (McCullough,Parente and Town, 2016).
Bar coding – It is essential for tracking orders, medications, and health related products. Dosages and patient identification can easily be verified.
Benefitsdrastic reduction in risk of medication errors such as transcriptionerrors, dispensing errors and administration errors.
Patient engagement tools – These include smartphone applications, patient portals, emails etc. patients are able to effectively participate in their treatment process.
Benefitspatients become more knowledgeable about their treatments andillnesses.
Electronic health records – They provide for the instant and secure access of information to authorized personnel.
Benefitsimproved care of patients, proper coordination and appropriatepatient diagnosis (Osterand Braaten, 2016).
Thesafety of patients is the basis of high quality health care. Patientsafety and practices have been negatively publicized hence the needto revert this trend through the introduction of health IT.
Carayon,P. (Ed.). (2016). Handbookof human factors and ergonomics in health care and patient safety.CRC Press.
Chen,E. T. (2016). Examining the Influence of Information Technology onModern Health Care. EffectiveMethods for Modern Healthcare Service Quality and Evaluation,110.
McCullough,J. S., Parente, S. T., & Town, R. (2016). Health informationtechnology and patient outcomes: the role of information and laborcoordination. TheRAND Journal of Economics,47(1),207-236.
Oster,C., & Braaten, J. (2016). HighReliability Organizations: A Healthcare Handbook for Patient Safety &Quality.Sigma Theta Tau.