GroupStructure and Management
GroupStructure and Management
Grouptherapy is one of the most effective means of dealing with angeramong adolescents. In the practice, clients are informed on how tomanage anger within the school environment or at home. Tutors have todevelop a caring atmosphere within the school to make everyonecomfortable. Youths are likely to hurt one another in various wayssince they face numerous challenges. Therefore, an efficientstructure must be adopted to assist the students. The goals andobjectives ought to be in-line for the system to be appropriate.
Increaseand practice the aptitude to manage/control anger.
Walk away from circumstances that prompt strong emotions
Stay a whole day without getting angry or any related mood swing
Learn at least two positive anger controlling skills
Express anger in mechanisms that can be deemed productive without necessarily destroying properties
Learn at least three techniques of communicating verbally when angry
Theabove objectives are measurable. The group should be able to avoidsituations that can instigate strong emotions. When faced with suchcircumstances, the members should walk away. Another objectiveentails staying without any showing anger for a whole day. It is agood measure of progress. People get angry many times a day.Sometimes the issues do not call for anger, yet they still indulge inthe same. Therefore, avoiding or rather staying an entire day withoutgetting angry would be a major way of controlling the same. The groupmembers should know at least two skills of anger management. Thereare different skills of managing anger and progress can only be shownwhen they show them. The students should also express anger inproductive ways to prevent harm or destruction of properties. Theyshould also have the means to be communicating their anger verbally.In other words, they should express their anger verbally withoutindulging in abuses. The core aim is to increase and practice theaptitude to manage/control anger. The above objectives are channeledtowards achieving this fundamental aim [ CITATION Kir12 l 1033 ].
Thegroups will be categorized into four core elements. Anger isexpressed in different ways. The stages of anger include annoyance,frustration, hostility, and infuriated. The students show theseaspects differently and thus would be utilized to group them.
Itinvolves getting pissed off temporarily. It may involve interruptionor anything that irks annoyance. The symptoms shown by such a groupinclude internal monolog or eye-rolling.
Itentails getting angry but keeping it hidden until the situation isdetected. Though one thinks he/she is under control, they are just animpulse away from going overboard. The grip to sobriety is quicklydiminishing. In most cases, frustration emanates from annoyance.Common signs include talking about the anger.
Atthis phase, most clients have kept it for a while. Infuriation mostlyemanates from accumulated events. A person thinks he/she has a rightto be furious. They may showcase the same in social media likeFacebook.
Anindividual in this phase is quite hostile. Anything can trigger it.
Theabove aspects will be utilized to form the group. Depending on thedegree of anger, students will be placed accordingly. The questionsasked will fall under the above categories to adequately create thegroups [ CITATION Kir12 l 1033 ].The questions would include:
How frequently do you get angry?
How long does your anger last?
Do you lose control when angered?
Does the rage affect your relationship?
Do you feel any psychological problems such as anxiety, irritation, shame, guilt, or depression among others when angered?
Do you possess any physiological issues such as nausea, sweating, out of breath, or dizziness when angered?
Theanswers gained from these queries will be utilized to group themembers. The same mechanism will screen the members. It will ensuremembers of the same group have almost similar character traits. Inother words, all should have nearly the same levels of anger [ CITATION Kir12 l 1033 ].
Eachgroup will have at least eight members with similar traits. The angermanagement classes will last for 10 to 40 weeks with at least 2 hoursper week. For effectiveness to be achieved, the mechanism used willbe closed membership. It will give the members a sense of belongingand safety. They will share quite easily in a closed relation. Inthat respect, depending on the level of anger or rather angermanagement required, groups will be having 1 to 2 hours weekly for 10to 40 weeks.
TheAssociation for Specialists in Group Work promulgated professionalstandards that champion harmony. With appropriate application of theethical requirements, the above groups will be effective. One of thecore elements of ethics is confidentiality. In other words, what isshared within the group should remain in it. It is the keystone ofhealthy therapeutic relations and efficient management. It is foundedon ethical values of fidelity and autonomy, and to a slighter extent,beneficence and non-maleficence. Addressing confidentiality andvoluntary participation within the group is quite vital. They giveclients the right to make decisions pertaining whom to reveal theinformation and what to disclose. The psychologist ought, to behonest. In this structure, whatever will be shared among the groupswill be limited to the same. Information to be shared will depend onthe members. The members will ascertain aspects that can be shareableand those that cannot. Other group agreements include agreeing toattend each session, avoid inconveniences and physical contact amongothers [ CITATION Rap10 l 1033 ].
TheACA code of ethics mandates therapists to screen prospective groups.The members would be chosen depending on the goals of each. Membershaving compatible goals will be combined so that experienced ones donot jeopardize the inexperienced. The members will be protected fromemotional, psychological, and physical traumas. All the members willbe allowed to share their issues openly. In addition to that, theywill not be discriminated in any way. Once they share their problemsor rather challenges, the group members will be tasked with givingvalid opinions. Much of the assistance will be generated within thegroup members with the counselors playing an advisory role. Supportcreated from within would be beneficial and is the core reason forputting members with compatible goals in the same group [ CITATION Car111 l 1033 ].
Adaptingto crises is quite vital to all the groups. Though the group membersmay be having compatible goals, they come from different backgrounds.They have different challenges that lead to their anger. In thatregard, effective techniques must be employed to deal with any crisesor disaster that emerge. To cope with the crises, disaster, ortraumas, each member will be encouraged to realize his/her feelings.Comprehend the feelings and talk about them within the groups. Talkis a common means of achieving healing. Members will have to connectwith one another. Probably one of the members has experienced thesame crisis before and may provide substantial advice. Peopleexperience trauma in varying dimensions, but the healing technique isalmost the same. Utilizing the same route, adapting to trauma will berelatively easier [ CITATION Bar05 l 1033 ].
Diversityis also another facet that can be detrimental to group counseling.Due to the different backgrounds, people vary regarding the needs orrace. When it comes to the group, all members are equal. If a memberracially abuses a colleague, then the most appropriate solution isexclusion from the group. Before being accepted back into the group,the member must be remorseful and show a change in perception ofrace. Socioeconomic needs also vary, but the members will be treatedwith equity [ CITATION Kim14 l 1033 ].
Leadershipand Theoretical Perspective
Incounseling, an interactive approach to leadership is the best. Inthis style, the members will share responsibilities but have anoverall leader, namely, the counselor. An interactive session willhave all the parties communicating as one entity under the guidanceof the counselor. When an issue is aired, all the members will havethe mandate to give their opinions. The common values of aninteractive leadership entail empathy, humor, integrity, trust, andactive listening. The adolescent group requires one to be interactiveand open-minded to understand them. They value counselors who arehumorous and active listeners. Listening to them exemplifies concern.Therefore, this structure will be based on interactive sessions thatportray each member as equals under the guidance of a therapist [ CITATION Rap10 l 1033 ].
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McClanahan, K. K. (2014, July 21). Can Confidentiality be Maintained in Group Therapy? Retrieved from http://nationalpsychologist.com/2014/07/can-confidentiality-be-maintained-in-group-therapy/102566.html
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