FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIZED CRIME 7
FutureDevelopment of Organized Crime
FutureDevelopment of Organized Crime
Organizedcrimes encompass illegal activities in the name of making money orsocio-political gains. The world continues to experience differentforms of planned crimes that change with time and formation. Thepreparation aspect of the concept emerges from the fact that theculprits appear trained and systematized. Over the last few decades,the global dynamics have changed owing to technological advancement,socio-political alignments, and international security. As such,potential criminals take advantage of the changes to adopt newformations of organized crime. The world is now more interconnected,with societies facing increasing threats. Criminal organizations takeadvantage of the situation to extort money from people as well asengage in unlawful activities such as terrorism.
Thepaper explores the probable developments of organized crime groups inthe U.S. and their international connections. The American lawconsiders organized crime as an organized and disciplined groupingthat engages in unlawful activities. In the US, the major forms oforganized crimes include drug trafficking, money laundering, humantrafficking, and terrorism. The groups operate alongside othernational and international networks. Organized crimes remain amongthe greatest threats to American security and economy. The changes inthe modern world are expected to give rise to new forms of organizedcrime. Future groupings of organized crime will have sophisticatedstructures and goals. Concerted efforts through uniform policies andlegislations are required to prevent internationalization organizedcriminal gangs in the modern society.
Criminalnetworks act as places of socialization where the culprits engage inorganized and properly-connected illegal activities. Such groupingshave been in existence for a long time although the structuralformations and objectives change with time. The dynamics in themodern world have contributed to changes in the organization oforganized criminal gangs (Bullock,Clarke, & Tilley, 2010).Technological advancement, globalization, and terrorism are some ofthe contemporary issues that affect the organization of organizedcriminal gangs. Organized gangs are extremely powerful andinfluential in the society. Often, they compromise thesocio-political and economic leaders for protection through policiesand legislations. In the coming days, the operations of organizedcriminal gangs are likely to change to create a safe haven for theiractivities. One likely scenario is internationalization of operationsthrough expansion and collaboration (Taylor, Fritsch, &Liederbach, 2014).
Inthe US, the American Mafia is a powerful organized gang that has beenin existent since the 19thcentury. The American Mafia currently has close working relationshipwith Sicilian Mafia, Camorra, and Sacra Corona, among others. Thegroup is active in North America where the culprits operate as afamily unit. The increasing number of criminal gangs around the worldcreates challenges to the existence of the group (Taylor, Fritsch, &Liederbach, 2014). Further, the American government has beeninstrumental in creating legislations and policies to curb theiractivities. The OrganizedCrime Control Actof 1970 is among the legislations developed by authorities to curborganized crime.
Advancementin technology has brought new challenges and threats to the worldeconomy. Apparently, the uptake of e-commerce has seen thefts ofcredit data though hacking. Many people are unaware of theappropriate methods to protect their data from loss and hackers.Estimates in a 2013 survey by JavelinStrategy and Researchthat Americans lost over 20 billion dollars because of identitytheft. Nonetheless, traditional form of organized crimes such as drugand human trafficking remain the main sources of revenue for thecriminals (Taylor,Fritsch, & Liederbach, 2014).Organized crimes gangs around the world operate in a similar manneralthough appear sophisticated and powerful.
Issuessuch as drug trafficking, illegal migration, and unlawful commercialactivities exacerbate organized crimes. The listed activities enhancethe reach for criminal networks. Some migrants have affiliation withcriminal gangs. Migrants from China and Russia enter the US wherethey engage in illegal commercial activities and gambling. Anotherconcern is globalization that has created room for terrorism(Abadinsky,2012).
SinaloaCartel in Mexico is among the largest known gangs that generatesabout 3 billion dollars in revenue. The group terrorizes businessoperators in Mexico and American regions who operate as drugtraffickers and producers. According to the American authorities,drug users in the country spend close to 100 billion dollars onunlawful drugs annually. Mexican cartels are said to control about 7percent of generated revenue. Sinaloa Cartel has long-standing battlewith the American drug cartels due to the high revenue generated inthe illegal trade. Currently, the American government has embarked onefforts to lessen the high volume entry of illegal drugs through theAmerican border. Ndrangheta is another mafia group operating asCamorra but has international ties in South America and the US. Thegroup controls transatlantic drug trade through to the Europeanregion. The group is said to be working closely with Bonnanoand Gambino crime families in New York to help establish roots inNorth America (Paoli,2008).
AnItalian-American mafia commonly known as Camorra has its structuresweakened although protection from the government and private citizenscontinues to boost its operations (Paoli,2008).Camorra has a strong network where it engages in activities such assexual exploitation, extortion, and gambling. Their internationalties and nature of its activities make it difficult to eliminate thegang. The future development of the American gangs is likely to takea different angle due to changes in legislations and global dynamics.Although mafia groups are likely to form new international ties, therevenue generated is likely to decrease. Further, their operationswill become vulnerable to scrutiny and target by the law enforcers.
TheSenderoLuminoso(SL) is a guerilla army in Peru. The group is referred in other namessuch as Shining Path, People`s Liberation Army and the CommunistParty of Peru, among others. The group is involved in activities suchas assassinations, bombings and drug trafficking. The activities actas the source of funds for their terrorism acts. It is assumed thegroup has about 300 militants. SL has strong network domestically butalso pose great dangers to international security. Terrorism islikely to be a major target for organized criminal gangs, especiallyillegal trade of guns. The American cartels and criminal gangs arelikely to collaborate with other international groups in the nameextending their revenue sources. Recently, the group has beeninvolved in kidnappings and attacks on the anti-narcotics securitypersonnel and non-governmental officers. The aim of the group hasbeen to destabilize the country by razing the institutions. Over thelast two decades, terrorist groupings have emerged throughout theworld, leading to massive loss of life and property destruction. Assuch, authorities have augmented their interventions to eradicate therising incidences of terrorism activities.
Overtime, governments around the world have engaged in concerted effortsto break cartels engaging in organized crimes. The new approach hasresulted in the re-grouping of criminal gangs. One of theirstrategies has been closer working relationship with other groupings(Mccarthy, 2013). The intention of such groups is to gain influenceand power. Further, transnational structure seeks to safeguard theinterests of criminals by engaging in corruption and violence. Assuch, they exploit differences and opportunities in the countries tohelp create strong network. In some instances, criminal gangsendeavor to attain political and economic influence.
Infuture, it is expected that organized crime players will look foropportunities in terrorism and technology sectors. The two areasoffer opportunities for drug trafficking, gun trade, andcyber-crimes. The motive is driven by the limited opportunities inthe traditional sectors. Further, the world is now a global villagehence makes it easy for criminals to engage in their misdeeds easier(Mccarthy, 2013).
Organizedcriminal gangs remain a great concern globally. The concern isexacerbated by the changing global dynamics that continue toinfluence the gangs’ change of tactics. Despite its highsocio-economic power, the US faces great challenges arising fromorganized criminal gangs. Unfortunately, the groups have embarked onbetter strategies to enhance their existence. Advancement intechnology and globalization of society are two major issues that arelikely to influence the future development and internationalconnections of organized criminal gangs. The gangs are also likely tocollaborate with terrorists to supply guns and other ammunitionshence jeopardize the global security. It is thus necessary forgovernments to institute appropriate measures to help in curbing thecrime. Internationalization of organized criminal activities posesgreat threats to the global security and economy due to the emergenceof new formations and interests. It is thus important for theinternational community to develop better and uniform approaches tolessen the effects of organized criminal activities.
Abadinsky,H. (2012). Organizedcrime.Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Bullock,K., Clarke, R. V. G., & Tilley, N. (2010). Situationalprevention of organised crimes.New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Mccarthy,D. M. P. (2013). Economichistory of organized crime: A national and transnational approach.Place of publication not identified: Routledge.
Paoli,L. (2008). Mafiabrotherhoods: Organized crime, Italian style.New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Taylor,R. W., Fritsch, E. J., & Liederbach, J. (2014). Digitalcrime and digital terrorism.New Jersey, NJ: Prentice Hall Press.