Asstated by Greitemeyer (2012), ethnocentrism is the inclination tojudge different cultures predominantly grounded on the values andstandards of another individual’s culture. An ethnocentric persondevelops perceptions concerning other cultures by comparing theirpractices to these groups, specifically matters of religion, customs,behavior, and language. Mainly, different individuals view theircultures as superior to others. For instance, while the Americansthink they are progressive, the Eastern cultures regard them asimmoral. In this paper, I will determine the beneficial anddetrimental influences of ethnocentrism and give examples of each.
Sinceethnocentrism links to superiority and pride, it attracts bothfavorable and damaging consequences on persons and the society as awhole. Looking at the advantageous aspects, ethnocentrism nurturessocial solidarity in a societal context enabling strongerco-operation forces. It offers the group members protection throughthe establishment of a sense of belonging (Greitemeyer, 2012).Therefore, weak, hopeless, poor, and helpless individuals experienceencouragement in such a structure because such characters receivecompensation. Further, ethnocentrism also promotes patriotism andnationalism within a society. For example, during the Olympics,Americans, as well as, people from other nations come together insolidarity to portray nationalism as they cheer for their respectivecountries.
Onthe other hand, ethnocentrism establishes negative consequences byfashioning tight boundaries among different social groups. Theirinterrelationship is strained owing to prejudice making cooperationprocesses difficult since this concept fosters bias creating hatred,tension and conflict (Greitemeyer, 2012). Consequently, a certaingroup tends to despise another and sometimes tries to cause themharm. The negative effects of ethnocentrism include the Holocaustduring the Nazi era, and the apartheid that happened in South Africa.
Greitemeyer,T. (2012). Boosting One’s Social Identity: Effects of SocialExclusion on . Basic& Applied Social Psychology,34 (5), 410-416