Discussion on Racism, Sexism, and Social Change

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Discussionon Racism, Sexism, and Social Change

Discussionon Racism, Sexism, and Social Change

Thesocial identity of individuals in the western epistemology isconstructed by the post-structural analysis, which emphasizesoppositional categories while suppressing similarity variables(Glenn, 2002). Consequently, exaggerated differences between races,genders, and classes remain major social categories that map thereality of human relationships. In fact, in order to achievestability, dichotomy imposes inherent hierarchies that label whiterace, male gender, and upper class as the dominant categories thatrepresent the normal society (Glenn, 2002). Dominant gender, class,and race are culturally constructed labels to distinguish thesubordinate category in order to enhance differences and maintainpower.

Arace is a biological categorization that depends on individualfeatures and gene pool (Bobo &amp Fox, 2003). Racial hierarchyassigns white people the dominant label, which creates a notion ofsuperiority. Contrastingly, the subordinated race is associated withproblematic variables. For example, in the United States, the whiterace is constructed against the black race in a manner thatdistinguishes Caucasians as transparent and the African-American(Chavez &amp Guido-DiBrito, 1999). Racism is a social issue thataffects the entire world and inhibits social integration in manyways. Disparities in accumulation of wealth, economic conditions, andpoverty are associated with race (Bobo &amp Fox, 2003). AnAfrican-American is likely to drop out of school due to poverty andend up in prison. Contrastingly, the probability of white Americansaccessing employment opportunities in the workplace is very high evenwith lower qualifications compared with all other races.

Genderplays a significant role in rationalizing relations of power andinequalities. As such, gender influences individual life sincemasculinity concepts are intended to emphasize the power of manhoodover femininity. Gender remains a historic manifestation of culturalsituational variables that define the relative power and meaning ofmasculinity and femininity in relationships. The poor politicalstatus, underpayment of women workers, and lack of equality with menremains constructed by gendered rhetoric cultural norms that stillexist today. The hierarchical framework that defines the relation ofpower between men and women is gender and it determines the level ofaccess to opportunities and probability of success in life. Nothinghas changed since the effects of racism during the era of my parents,remains the same since racial acrimony is still influencing sociallife.

Classis the least social concept of power that pervades the economic andpolitical status of an individual (Chavez &amp Guido-DiBrito, 1999).Persons born into the upper class consistently hold higher power andstruggle less compared to individuals from underprivileged familybackgrounds. As such, a woman from upper class enjoys more access topower compared to another from a lower class. In conclusion, a personfrom the lower class but in the white race is better off than anindividual is from the upper class from a problematic race.


Bobo,L. D., &amp Fox, C. (2003). Race, racism, and discrimination:Bridging problems, methods, and theory in social psychologicalresearch. SocialPsychology Quarterly,66(4), pp. 319-32.

Chavez,A. F., &amp Guido-DiBrito, F. (1999). Racial and ethnic identity anddevelopment. NewDirections for Adults and Continuing Education,84, pp. 39-47.

Glenn,N. E. (2002). Unequalfreedom: How race and gender shaped American citizenship and labor.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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