Diabetes as a leading cause of mortality across the globe

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Diabetes as a leading cause of mortality across the globe

Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar or glucose. It occurs when a person either produces inadequate or no insulin. The body cells do not respond appropriately to insulin or both (Inzucchi et al., 2015). As a result, high amounts of sugars build up in the blood. It is filtered into urine and released out of the body. The body loses its source of energy because of the release of sugars through excretion. Patients with high blood sugars experience urination, become increasingly tired or frequently become hungry (Garber et al., 2016).

Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Two forms of diabetes exist, Type 1 and Type 2. The first category (Type 1) is hereditary and attributed to the inability of the pancreatic cells to produce enough insulin to facilitate its uptake by the cells. Type 2 diabetes arises because of the nature of lifestyle one leads.

Why Diabetes

Diabetes affects a large group of individuals across the globe. The choice of the disease emanates from the fact that it is attributed to high mortality rates especially among those affected. In the United States, almost 23.6 million people live with diabetes mellitus (Williams &amp Hopper, 2011, p.914). The condition claims a lot of lives annually, and is ranked the 7th leading cause of death in the country. Racial and ethnic minorities carry the disproportionate burden of the diabetes endemic (Nolan et al., 2015).

Description of Issue

The increased cases of deaths attributed to diabetes negates the need to come up with measures to help in curbing the same. Timely diagnosis followed by appropriate management of the condition. Those affected need to embrace a healthy lifestyle to help them learn how best to deal with the issue.

Different approaches can be employed in dealing with the condition depending on the type of disease one is suffering from. Management should focus on weight-loss, observing a strict diet and exercising. Medical treatment including islet cell transplantation could help in addressing the condition (Hakim, 2010).

Description of Audience

Young adults aged between 20 to 40 years specifically suffer from type 2 diabetes. Currently, the United States has reported that a greater percentage of the young adults are obese. Obesity is a metabolic disorder that is a predisposing factor for the development of diabetes. It means that most of the young people are at risk of developing the condition. Because of the same, it is essential that the individuals be exposed to an awareness program that seeks to disseminate information on how best one can prevent themselves from developing type 2 diabetes.

Search Terms

In getting information regarding diabetes, the internet was searched using the term, “Diabetes” was searched on the internet. In narrowing the search, statistics on diabetes was searched to get an overview of the disease. It yielded information provided by the American Association of Diabetes in addition to that provided by the Centers for Disease Control.

Recommended Sites

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Diabetes/Pages/Diabetes.aspx

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes

http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/home/

http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/statistics/

Thereis a high prevalence rate, poor diabetes control, and highercomplication rates among Hispanics, Asian Americans, AfricanAmericans, Native Hawaiians, and American Indians than it is amongthe Whites. It is noted that the minority groups record a low numberof limb amputation, have a high number of retinopathy and kidneyfailures than the non-Hispanic Whites. It means that there theminority groups get little and poor medical services than the Whites.

Thedisease was selected because it is manageable despite the highmortality rate it is associated with. Notably, those diagnosed withthe condition can embrace a change of lifestyle to help in itsoverall management. For example, regular physical exercise andobserving a nutritious diet are instrumental in helping curb theeffects of the disease. However, it is unfortunate that most of thoseaffected lack information regarding the best way to deal with thecondition. The brochure aims at creating awareness of the disease andhelp those affected learn how best to cope.

References

Garber,A. J., Abrahamson, M. J., Barzilay, J. I., Blonde, L., Bloomgarden,Z. T., Bush, M. A., … &amp Garber, J. R. (2016). Consensusstatement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologistsand American College of Endocrinology on the comprehensive type 2diabetes management algorithm-2016 executive summary. EndocrinePractice,22(1),84-113.

Hakim,N. S. (2010). Pancreas,islet, and stem cell transplantation for diabetes.Oxford [u.a.:

OxfordUniv. Press.

Inzucchi,Silvio E., et al. &quotManagement of hyperglycemia in type 2diabetes, 2015: a patient-centered approach: update to a positionstatement of the American Diabetes Association and the EuropeanAssociation for the Study of Diabetes.&quot Diabetescare38.1 (2015): 140-149.

Nolan,C. J., Ruderman, N. B., Kahn, S. E., Pedersen, O., &amp Prentki, M.(2015). Insulin resistance as a physiological defense againstmetabolic stress: implications for the management of subsets of type2 diabetes. Diabetes,64(3),673-686.

Williams,L. S., &amp Hopper, P. D. (2011). Understandingmedical surgical nursing.Philadelphia,

PA:F.A. Davis

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