Cultural Health Influences

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CulturalHealth Influences


CulturalHealth Influences (Independent Study)

HarrisChapter 2

  1. Define the Key Terms from Harris Chapter 2.

Culture:This refers to the characteristics and behaviors that defineparticular groups, individuals, and organizations.

CulturalCompetence: This refers to the involvement of patients in theirhealthcare that leads to improved outcomes.

CulturalDiversity: This refers to the existence of different patterns ofhuman behavior within a particular community.

CulturalGroup Representation: This refers to the relative contribution madeby various human classifications into the total population.

Inclusiveness:This refers to the consideration given to the needs of minoritygroups through the programs of healthcare organizations andeducational institutions.

Patient’sExplanatory model: This refers to the client’s understanding ofvarious aspects of the illness such as cause, treatment, and impact.

  1. What is culture and its relevance to contemporary healthcare professions?

Healthcarepractitioners must be familiar with the patient’s culturalbackground. Hence, it is important to consider the health beliefs ofa particular patient with regards to diseases and modes of treatment(Harris,García-Godoy, &amp Nathe, 2014).

  1. What are the influences of culture on aspects of US society that impact preventive healthcare to underserved populations?

Culturalconsiderations have forced healthcare practitioners to acquireknowledge of the beliefs held by patient populations within thecountry. Therefore, underserved populations are included in the plansdrafted by health professionals in the U.S.

  1. What are the health beliefs among different cultural groups?

Forexample, Westerners believe that germs and other pathogens areresponsible for causing diseases. On the other hand, traditionalcommunities believe that illnesses are caused by spirit possession orsoul loss.

  1. How do cultural beliefs influence preventive dental care?

Healthcarepractitioners may recommend certain practices to safeguard dentalhygiene. However, some cultural groups may view such recommendationsas insensitive and stereotypical. For instance, restricting thedrinking of ice water could be misconstrued as unreasonable inparticular communities. Furthermore, some cultures have staples thatendanger dental hygiene.

  1. What is the relationship between cultural competence and health outcomes?

Culturalcompetence is intricately linked to desirable health outcomes sinceit enables the practitioner to develop effective communicationskills. It also contributes to competent knowledge of the incidenceand prevalence of various diseases, Besides, physicians can achieveefficacy in treatment.

DentalHygiene Science

HarrisChapter 3

  1. Define the Key Terms from Harris Chapter 3.

Assessment:This refers to the collection and analysis of data to highlight thespecific needs of patients.

Comprehensiveoral evaluation: This refers to a comprehensive assessment of theintraoral and extraoral hard and soft tissues based on the effects ofvarious diagnostic procedures.

Dentalhygiene: This refers to the implementation of strategies aimed atpreventive oral health care.

Dentalpublic health: This refers to the science of promoting dental healthand preventing dental diseases through coordinated community efforts.

Diagnosis:This refers to the decision made on the nature of a patient’sdisease based on an analysis of the signs and symptoms.

Implementationphase: This refers to the stage where the oral health professionalcan apply various evidence-based and theory-based motivational andeducational strategies to ensure behavioral change.

Periodicoral evaluation: This refers to an assessment designed to evaluatechanges in a patient’s medical and dental health status.

Planningphase: This refers to the stage where patient goals are set anddental hygiene therapy is determined.

  1. How would you integrate the dental hygiene process of care into the dental hygiene appointment

Iwould integrate the dental hygiene process of care into theappointment using a multilayered approach on assessment, diagnosis,planning, implementation, and evaluation. In this regard, I willfirst identify the patient’s unique needs. Subsequently, I wouldpinpoint the client’s oral health problems and establish realisticgoals to facilitate improvement.

  1. Discuss the elements of the dental hygiene appointment.

Thedental hygiene appointment includes various elements such asassessment, diagnosis, periodontal debridement, preventive oralprophylaxis, supportive care, preventive and therapeutic modalities,education and counseling, and therapeutic scaling and root planning(Harris et al., 2014).

  1. Discuss how oral hygiene assessment is used for patient education, monitoring and motivation.

Oralhygiene assessment is used to obtain vital information that reveals aclient’s dental and medical history. Consequently, the practitionercan educate the patient on healthy practices with regards to dentalhygiene. Additionally, assessment can help the healthcareprofessional to monitor the client’s progress and hence offerfrequent encouragement.


Harris, N. O., García-Godoy,F., &amp Nathe, C. N. (2014). Primarypreventive dentistry(8thed.). Boston, Mass.: Pearson.

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