Cuba’s Health Care System
Thefollowing global health issue paper aims at evaluating the healthcondition of Cuba, which is one of the low-income countrieslocated in the Caribbean. The paper will discuss the historicalinfluences, health systems, and economic policiesthat affect the country’s population. It will also provide insighton relevant international policies, which have changed the healthcaresituation in the nation (Keck & Reed, 2012).Low-incomecountries are associated with myriad health problems. Besides facingchallenges such as diabetes, and cancer that is common to allcountries, they are related to additional burdens related to povertyand geography (Dupas, 2011). Tropical diseaseslike malaria, schistosomiasis and dengue fever result in highmortality rates for bothinfants and adults. They also face waterborne diseasesdue to insufficient clean drinking water, respiratory illnesses dueto pollution, and HIV/AIDS. Such diseases cause a decline in lifeexpectancy rates and generate significant externalities to publichealth (Keck & Reed, 2012).However,the case is different for Cuba. The country has faced success inevery critical area of medicine and public health facing low-incomecountries. It has managed to create a high and quality primary carenetwork as well as a unique public health system. The country has abiomedical heath structure that controls infectious illnesses. TheCuban peculiar political and economic history has created a physicianfor every one as strategy to focus on early prevention and candidattention to community health. Consequently, the country has managedto reduce the rate of non-communicable diseases and surpassed theemergency health requirements of developing countries (Sang, 2015).Interms of infant mortality rates per 1,000 births, Cuba exceeds theUnited States at 4.5 to 6.42 respectively. Similarly, the rate ofinfant mortality younger than five years in Cuba has an index of 6.0compared to the United States with 8.0. The life expectancy in Cubais 77.97-compared to78.2 in the United States. The cases of low birthweight in Cuba have an index of 5.4 compared to the United Stateswith 8.15 (Campion & Morrissey, 2013).
Keywords:low-birth weight, life expectancy, mortality rates, economicpolicies, waterborne diseases.
Campion, E. & Morrissey, S. (2013). A different model-medicalcare in Cuba. The New England Journal of Medicine, 368(4),297-299.
Dupas, P. (2011). Health behavior in developing countries. AnnualReview of Economics, 3(1). 1-39
Keck, W. & Reed, G. (2012). The curious case of Cuba. AmericanJournal of Public Health, 1(1), 1-9. Retrieved fromhttps://www.american.edu/clals/upload/The-Curious-Case-of-Cuba.pdf
Sang, H. (2015). Creating a successful primary care model: Lessonslearned from the Cuban health system. North American Journal ofMedicine and Science, 8(4), 160-162. Retrieved fromhttp://www.najms.net/wp-content/uploads/v08i04p160.pdf