Conceptual framework

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The current study is informed by democratic utilitarian experientialpragmatism values in harmony with humanism values as main platformsfor the principles in Career and Technical Education (CTE)[ CITATION Mar07 l 2057 ].In his framework, Martinez (2007) states that interlacing of humanismand democratic utilitarian experiential pragmatism constructs canonly be realized if the following critical questions are asked (a)What is true? (for human experience changesconstantly). (b) What is good? (c) What is valuable to human beingsand gives room for self-actualization and (d) what is right? (thedemocratic ideals and freedom values, justice, and self worth).Moreover, Martinez argues that acceptance of this pragmatichumanistic view allows for exploration of fundamental values that actas touchstones to guide is developing the principles. The legislativetrends and historical principles play a crucial role in Career andTechnical Education to give the following values: (1) accountability,(2) accessibility, (3) learning, (4) safety (5) usefulness.

The current study seeks for the articulation ofthese principles as cornerstone for the CTE teacher re-evaluation andredesigning programs. This will help in attracting the students andprepare individuals who are skillful towardsthe increasing demands of21stcentury and changing workforce. The comparison of these principlesfor the NBCT and non-NBCT teachers will act as the backbone for thisresearch. This is represented below.

Figure1: Conceptual Framework

Source [ CITATION Mar07 l 2057 ]

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