Codeof Ethics in Informatics
Theapplication of professional codes of ethics plays a significant rolein the provision of ethical guidance for the professionals indifferent careers. They also serve the purpose of furnishing a set ofprinciples that facilitate in measuring the conduct of theprofessionals. Additionally, a code of professional ethics serves thepurpose of providing the public with a clear statement of the ethicalconsiderations necessary for shaping the behavior of theprofessionals. The Health Informatics Professionals require theseelements in the planning and delivery of health care. Mostimportantly, Health Informatics Professionals apply the codes ofethics in building a relationship between the electronic healthrecord and the subject of that record (Hunt, 2008). These electronicmedical records reveal much information about the patient that isprivate and should be confidentially kept. Therefore, it acts as thebasis for decisions that have a significant impact on the welfare ofthe patient. The patient becomes prone, and any decision concerningthe patient and the electronic health record must acknowledge thefundamental necessity of striking an appropriate balance betweenethically justified ends as well as necessary means. The essence of acode of ethics in informatics thus plays an essential role infacilitating the health informatics professional towardsconstructing, maintaining, storing, accessing, using and manipulatingthe electronic medical records (Hunt, 2008).
BioethicsTools: Principles of Bioethics
Bioethicsrefers to a discipline that deals with the ethical implications ofbiological research as well as applications related to medicine. Ithelps in creating an understanding of fundamental human values thatinclude the right to life and health, life technology, the healthprofessions regarding the responsibility of the society for the lifeand health of its constituents. One of the principles applied inBioethics that forms a framework for moral reasoning entailsnon-maleficence. The law states that people, especially in the healthcare profession, should avoid causing harm to their patients (Hunt,2008). The code of ethics in the medical profession considersnon-maleficence as negligence in instances where people imposecareless and unreasonable risks of harm upon other people. Theprinciple requires medical competence in the provision of appropriatestandard care that eliminates or minimizes the risk of injury. Forinstance, when providing care to patients, some situations mayinvolve an element of harm and health care professionals are bound toopt for a less harmful strategy. Some of these situations may includethe willingness of patients to experience some pain in proceduresthat may, to some extent, guarantee a prolonged life (Hunt, 2008).
HUNT, M. R.(2008). ETHICS BEYOND BORDERS: HOW HEALTH PROFESSIONALS EXPERIENCEETHICS IN HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND DEVELOPMENT WORK. DevelopingWorld Bioethics, 8(2),59-69. doi:10.1111/j.1471-8847.2006.00153.x