Child`s Birth and Development

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Child’sBirth and Development

Child’sBirth and Development

Ina loving family where a newborn is introduced, all attention isdirected to him or her. Every member tends to make some adjustmentsto welcome the infant. The dynamics of the entire family undergo sometremendous changes, and the members have to prepare for some radicaltransformations. The following essay discusses some of the lifeexperiences as a result of a newborn. Part one discusses thealterations in family dynamics and how they affect the mother’slife, father’s life, siblings and the members of the extendedfamily. Part two discusses the perceptual, motor and the physicaldevelopment of a child.

Thesisstatement:The life experiences of every member of the family changes whetherpositive or negative due to the introduction of a new member in theirfamily.

Part1

Effectson the mother

Thelife experiences of the mother changes once she delivers a child.Such challenges are attributed to factors like time limitations andincreased attention. During these times the mother has to concentratewith needs of the infant. Also, the organized schedule of the mothermay be stretched to limits. According to Dyrdaland Lucas (2013), thereare higher chances of meal and sleep schedules fluctuating. Six toeight weeks after delivery it may be difficult to execute familyduties fully and timely since the mother’s concentrates onobserving the sleeping and feeding behavior of the infant. Theministration towards other family members reduces significantly, andit may lacerate their relationship.

Alsoprior to giving birth to a child, the mother may feel anxious sinceshe will have to take care of a totally dependent and delicateindividual. It requires a lot of energy especially when she ispregnant to carry out her duties. However, there are some positivesthat accompany the birth of a child. The mother’s confidence in herknowledge, experience, and abilities increases (Dyrdal&amp Lucas, 2013). Thethings that seem difficult at first, for instance, illness handling,breastfeeding and changing of child’s diapers, become dailyactivities.

Effectson the father

Atthe birth of a child, the father assumes new responsibilities. Suchallotments are made since both parents have to adjust their schedulesto accommodate the newborn (Wulf,2015). The father he has to split his precious time to play the role acaring and concerned parent. Before the birth of a child, the mansets aside time for work and other domestic duties. In the case ofseveral children, the father has to make the children feel equallyloved and strengthen the bond between them (Wulf,2015).

Implicationson the siblings (Brothers and Sisters)

Thebrothers and sisters of the newborn realize that their parents do notpay much attention to them as they used to before the new childarrived. Great care is directed to the newborn especially from theparents who expect the other children to show some level of maturity.At times, the elder children may feel alienated from the parents, andthey may develop a negative attitude towards the child(Westoff &amp Potter, 2015).Rivalry may crop up when the young one needs attendance from thesiblings. The rationale for this is that they are still dependent onthe parents for their needs. Additionally when a newborn isintroduced to the family, the other siblings find it difficult toadapt, since they have to share parent’s attention. The differenceamong siblings is a normal phenomenon and can assume several formsincluding withdrawal, aggression, covert hostility, andattention-seeking behavior.

Apartfrom seeking attention, the older children may tend to be quiet tothe newborns, mope around or even refuse to play with them. Accordingto Westoffand Potter (2015), thebigger kids may assume their past behaviors regressively. Some ofthem may restart thumb sucking, request taking drinks from thebottles as they used to, among other things. In a covert hostility,the older siblings may act may show love towards the newborn andlater exhibit hostility through other ways. For instance, they maygive a rough hug that would result to the child crying. However, inother cases, the brothers and sisters will have great affection andadmiration for their new member of the family.

Effectson the Extended Family

Themembers of the extended family especially the grandparents feelexcited after the birth of a child. The happiness is be attributed tothe fact that the fact that they are assured of the family’scontinuity through the children. According to Dyrdaland Lucas (2013), grandparentsmay anticipate living with their grandchildren and having a good timewith them. The grandchildren may rekindle some affection lost in thefamily. The grandparents may have a celebratory mood on receiving thenews of another newborn and they may offer themselves to cater fortheir children in case the parents are busy.

Effectson the Newborn

Thenewborn’sphysiological processes start in the womb. According to Boydand Bee, (2012), atbirth, the baby experiences temperature change and the child criesupon sensing the alterations. Before birth the neonate feeds via theplacenta and it is totally dependent on the mother. Immediately afterdelivery, the infant is introduced to a new pattern throughbreastfeeding. In addition, the newborn starts to use his or herexcretory system. The child also gets accustomed to new faces,sounds, and objects.

Part2: Stages of a child’s development

Perpetual-motorDevelopment

Motorskills develop as the child grows physically. The newborns learn howto engage in these motor undertakings within the context of theirchanging.

FromBirth to 1 Month

Atone month the baby can lift the chin while in a flat position. Babiesuse some of these basic reflexes which are present during birth torespond to certain stimuli. The newborns cry, grasp objects and suck(Boyd &amp Bee, 2012).They also respond by looking at the surroundings. Such basicreactions may be categorized as early perceptions.

1to 4 Months

Thebabies begin to gain some information. The children try to improvetheir project permanence and listening (Boyd&amp Bee, 2012).They also to refine their arm and leg movements and coordinate simplefunctions like drawing their fingers towards the mouth.

4to 8 Months

Childrenstart to realize that they can make things happen. They tend to shakeobjects, strike some things they come around and kicking them. Theirperception becomes objective and organized.

8to 12 months

Thechildren may start to move intentionally towards things that attractthem. Due to the weakness of their limbs, they use firm objects forsupport or crawling in their environment (Boyd&amp Bee, 2012).The kids also pull strings and shake cribs. It is arguably fun toplay with these kids while at this age. They tend to imitate somesimple deeds like clapping and making sounds.

1to 1.5 Years

Atthis stage, a child is interested in moving his or her body differentmotions. For instance, jumping and climbing. According to Boydand Bee (2012), theylike combining various objects and they also concentrate onunderstanding them. The children create a lot of mess in theirenvironment as they try to learn.

Oneand a half to two years

Atthis, age children refine their perceptions into a clear mentalimage, and they can name a few objects (Boyd&amp Bee, 2012).They know that objects have functions and that they are found inspecific places. Their motor responses are more deliberate andplanned.

Twoyears to 3 years

Atthis age, the kids may start to form ideas since they have gainedsome information from the past via their explorations and senses. Thechildren’s percepts, which is defined as single thoughts end upbeing a concept, which means combined thoughts. Theycan differentiate color and the size of an object or a person.

Physicalgrowth

Theweight of a baby usually doubles at the first birthday. During thesame age, their height increases by ten to twelve inches. Anotherphysical change that is notable is the way the head of a childreduces from a third to a quarter of the overall body size and almostan eighth into his or her third birthday. According to Boydand Bee (2012),the neonatal brain also develops so rapidly. The sub-cortical regionsof the baby’s brain, which are responsible for breathing, growsporadically fast at this stage (Boyd&amp Bee, 2012).The neonate’s brain is almost a quarter heavier as that of an adultfrom first to the second year and by the third year, it is almosteighty percent of that of an adult.

References

Boyd,D. R., &amp Bee, H. L. (2012). Thedeveloping child.New Jersey: Pearson.

Dyrdal,G. M., &amp Lucas, R. E. (2013). Reaction and adaptation to thebirth of a child: A couple-level analysis. DevelopmentalPsychology,49(4),749.

Westoff,C. F., &amp Potter, R. G. (2015). ThirdChild.Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Winnicott,D. W. (Ed.). (2013). Thechild and the family: first relationships(Vol. 6). New York N.Y.: Routledge.

Wulf,C. (2015). The Birth as a Rite of Passage from Man to Father. NewYork N.Y.: Pearson.

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