Benefits and Disadvantages of Online Learning

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Benefitsand Disadvantages of Online Learning

Outline

Topic:Benefits and disadvantages of online learning

Objective:To assess and discuss the key advantages as well as the key drawbacksassociated with online learning.

Thesis:Although e-learning is associated with an increase in the level ofefficiency, convenience, technology-based communication skills, andthe ease of access to instructors, it substitutes physicalteacher-student contact, requires a lot of self-discipline, andtechnological expertise.

  1. The popularity of the online learning or the e-learning has increased exponentially within the last one decade following an increase in the application of the technology in the education sector (Haynie, 2014).

  2. About one in every four students takes at least one course online every year (Haynie, 2014).

  3. Graduate students have a higher probability (22 %) of undertaking their studies online compared to undergraduate learners (Haynie, 2014).

  1. Preview of the main points

  1. Benefits of online learning

  1. Reduction in the cost of learning

  1. The global economic challenges (including an increase in the cost of operation) create the need for organizations to adopt strategies that can help them economize on all resources (Bakia, Shear, Toyama &amp Lasseter, 2012).

  2. The Wisconsin University spends $ 11,397 to educate one student through the traditional face-to-face program and $ 6,077 on an online learner (Bakia, Shear, Toyama &amp Lasseter, 2012).

  1. Increase in the level of convenience

  1. Students who undertake online courses are allowed to complete different targets at their convenient time and make learning schedules that meet their specific needs (Bartley &amp Golek, 2014).

  2. Learners are given the opportunity to undertake a self-paced learning process since they can determine when to study and when to take breaks in order to engage in other activities (Bartley &amp Golek, 2014).

  3. The high level of expediency that is associated with online programs has helped people in the working class pursue higher levels of education without terminating their employment contracts (Bartley &amp Golek, 2014).

  1. Improvement in communication skills

  1. Online learning platforms provide students with multiple tools (such as chats, discussion boards, and email) that allow participants to interact effectively (Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014).

  2. The aspect of anonymity that is associated with e-learning encourages the shy students to increase their participation in academic projects and class discussion (Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014).

  1. Accessibility of instructors

  1. The internet-based learning has bridged this gap since students can pose questions and request for the personalized assistance on the internet (Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014).

  2. Learners can email their instructors or post questions on the learning platforms (such as the Blackboard Course Info) and get the response from other students or teachers, irrespective of whether they are in their physical offices or at home (Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014).

  1. Disadvantages of Online Learning

  1. Limited human interaction

  1. Learners may underestimate the absence of a physical instructor, but it plays a critical role in determining their ability to socialize and interact with their co-workers after graduation (Croxton, 2014).

  2. E-learning limits the capacity of graduates to interact properly since it does not provide them with the opportunity to enhance their interpersonal as well as face-to-face communication skills (Croxton, 2014).

  1. Effects of the lack of self discipline

  1. Regular testing, homework, and assignments are part of the normal learning process, but learners who use the online method to accomplish these evaluation processes are tempted to cheat (Allen &amp Seaman, 2013).

  2. The lack of self-discipline is associated with the decline in the sense of value for education, which limits the level of retention of the content that is learned online (Allen &amp Seaman, 2013).

  1. The need for technological expertise

  1. Students are provided with an access to different tools (such as the video learning sites, academic materials, and online chatting services), but they can only make the maximize use of them if they have the required technical expertise (Capra, 2011).

  2. The lack of the technological expertise increases the effort and the amount of time that instructors and teachers need to facilitate the learning process (Capra, 2011).

  1. Conclusion

  1. The key benefits associated with e-learning include an increase in the level of efficiency, convenience, and the possibility of saving on money as well as time.

  2. There are several drawbacks of online learning that might limit its effectiveness in facilitating the delivery of the course content.

References

Allen,I. &amp Seaman, J. (2013). Changingcourse: Ten years of tracking online education in the United States.Babson Park: Babson Survey Research Group.

Arkorful,V. &amp Abaidoo, N. (2014). The role of e-learning, the advantagesand disadvantages of its adoption in higher education. InternationalJournal of Education and Research,2 (12), 397-410.

Bakia,M., Shear, L., Toyama, Y. &amp Lasseter, A. (2012). Understandingthe implications of online learning for educational productivity.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

Bartley,S. &amp Golek, J. (2014). Evaluating the cost effectiveness ofonline and face-to-face instruction. EducationalTechnology and Society,7 (4), 167-175.

Capra,T. (2011). Online education: Promise and problems. Journalof Online Learning and Teaching,7 (2), 288-293.

Croxton,A. (2014). The role of interactivity in student satisfaction andpersistence in online learning. Journalof Online Learning and Teaching,10 (2), 314-325.

Haynie,D. (2014). New government data sheds light on online learners.Education.Retrieved August 31, 2016, fromhttp://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/articles/2014/06/12/new-government-data-sheds-light-on-online-learners

Benefits and Disadvantages of Online Learning

  • Uncategorized

Benefitsand Disadvantages of Online Learning

Benefitsand Disadvantages of Online Learning

Themodern technology has played a critical role in revolutionizing manyindustries, including the education sector. It has facilitated theonline delivery of instructions, especially at the college as well asthe university levels. The popularity of the online learning, alsoknown as e-learning, has increased exponentially within the last onedecade. Haynie (2014) estimated that about one in every four studentstake at least one course online every year. However, graduatestudents have a higher probability (22 %) of undertaking theirstudies online compared to undergraduate learners (Haynie, 2014). Theexponential increase in enrollment for courses offered via theinternet-based platforms is attributed to student demand. This paperaddresses the benefits as well as disadvantages of online learning.Although e-learning is associated with an increase in the level ofefficiency, convenience, technology-based communication skills, andthe ease of access to instructors, it substitutes physicalteacher-student contact, requires a lot of self-discipline, andtechnological expertise.

Benefitsof Online Learning

Onlinelearning is one of the key strategies that the modern institutionsare using to reduce the cost of delivering the course material tostudents. The global economic challenges create the need fororganizations to adopt strategies that can help them economize on allresources. The online learning platforms are similar to thetraditional “just-in-time” approach that is used to reduce thecost of production in the manufacturing sector because it facilitatesthe utilization of the resources only when a student wants to learn.For example, it is estimated that Wisconsin University spends $11,397 to educate one student through the traditional face-to-faceprogram and $ 6,077 on an online learner (Bakia, Shear, Toyama &ampLasseter, 2012). In addition, learners save time and money since theydo not have to travel to the university. Therefore, online learningsaves on money and time.

Onlinelearning is also associated with an increase in the level ofconvenience. According to Bartley &amp Golek (2014) students whoundertake online courses are allowed to complete different targets attheir convenient time and make learning schedules that meet theirspecific needs. In other words, students are given the opportunity toundertake a self-paced learning process since they can determine whento study and when to take breaks in order to engage in otheractivities. The high level of expediency that is associated withe-learning has helped people in the working class pursue higherlevels of education without terminating their employment contracts.

E-learningenhances communication skills of the students by facilitating thestudent-to-faculty and student-to-student relationships in thevirtual world. The e-learning platforms provide students withmultiple tools (such as chats, discussion boards, and email) thatallow participants to interact effectively. The application of thesetools during the learning process help students gains theunderstanding of how technology can be used to facilitatecommunication. In addition, the aspect of anonymity that isassociated with e-learning encourages the shy students to increasetheir participation in academic projects and class discussion(Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014). The courage to take part in the classdiscussions is associated with the fact that learners can expresstheir ideas on technology platforms without the fear of feelingembarrassed or confronted in case they are wrong. Consequently,online platforms empower students and give them the opportunity tolearn new communication skills.

Onlinelearning creates a platform that increases the accessibility ofinstructors. The traditional school environment requires students toengage in face-to-face with their instructors. Students find itdifficult to submit their assignments and seek for personalizedassistance from their teachers, especially when they are absent. Thediscovery of the internet-based learning has bridged this gap sincestudents can pose questions and request for the personalizedassistance on the internet. For example, students can email theirinstructors or post questions on the learning platforms (such as theBlackboard Course Info) and get the response from other students orteachers, irrespective of whether they are in their physical officesor at home (Arkorful &amp Abaidoo, 2014). The increase inaccessibility of educators enhances efficiency in the process oflearning.

Disadvantagesof Online Learning

Theuse of technology to facilitate the process of learning hassubstituted the physical interaction that learners as well as theeducators enjoy in traditional methods. The loss of human contactmakes the entire process impersonal. In most of the internet-basedlearning program, students are allowed to undertake their coursesuntil graduation without meeting with their instructors. Althoughlearners may underestimate the absence of a physical instructor, itplays a critical role in determining their ability to socialize andinteract with their co-workers after graduation (Croxton, 2014). Thepurpose of the education system is to equip learners with skills thatthey need in order to work in teams or organizations that requiretheir physical presence. Online learning limits the capacity ofgraduates to interact properly since it does not provide them withthe opportunity to enhance their interpersonal as well asface-to-face communication skills.

Thedelivery of the course content through the online platforms requiresa lot of self-discipline on the part of the learners. The absence ofthe physical presence of instructors to monitor students limits theirtendency to adhere to academic standards. For example, regulartesting, homework, and assignments are part of the normal learningprocess, but learners who use the online method to accomplish theseevaluation processes are tempted to cheat (Allen &amp Seaman, 2013).Online students who lack self-discipline might decide to refer totextbooks or hire other people to take tests and assignments on theirbehalf. In addition, the absence of physical supervision results inprocrastination of academic work. The lack of self-discipline isassociated with the decline in the sense of value for education,which limits the level of retention of the content that is learnedonline (Allen &amp Seaman, 2013). The absence of self-discipline,academic dishonesty, and the limited retention rate offsets thebenefit of convenience that the internet-based learners enjoy.

Learnerswho utilize the online platforms require basic technologicalexpertise. Students are provided with an access to video learningsites, academic materials, and online chatting services, but they canonly make the maximize use of them if they have the requiredtechnical expertise (Capra, 2011). Learners who are not techno-savvyare unable to enjoy the maximum benefits of online courses since theycan only access a limited number of features of the sites. The lackof the basic expertise is associated with an increase in the effortand the amount of time that instructors and teachers need tofacilitate the learning process (Capra, 2011). It is difficult foronline students to enjoy the benefits of efficiency and time savingwhen they do not have the experience and skills to operate theweb-based platforms.

Conclusion

Onlinelearning has numerous benefits, but it comes with an equal share ofdisadvantages. Some of the key benefits associated with e-learninginclude an increase in the level of efficiency, convenience, and thepossibility of saving on money as well as time. These benefits areenjoyed by both the institution of learning and students. However,there are several drawbacks of online learning that might limit itseffectiveness in facilitating the delivery of the course content. Forexample, the lack of physical supervision of students’ progresscreates the need the learners to have self-discipline. In addition,students are required to have some technological skills in order tomake the maximize use of the online learning platforms.

References

Allen,I. &amp Seaman, J. (2013). Changingcourse: Ten years of tracking online education in the United States.Babson Park: Babson Survey Research Group.

Arkorful,V. &amp Abaidoo, N. (2014). The role of e-learning, the advantagesand disadvantages of its adoption in higher education. InternationalJournal of Education and Research,2 (12), 397-410.

Bakia,M., Shear, L., Toyama, Y. &amp Lasseter, A. (2012). Understandingthe implications of online learning for educational productivity.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

Bartley,S. &amp Golek, J. (2014). Evaluating the cost effectiveness ofonline and face-to-face instruction. EducationalTechnology and Society,7 (4), 167-175.

Capra,T. (2011). Online education: Promise and problems. Journalof Online Learning and Teaching,7 (2), 288-293.

Croxton,A. (2014). The role of interactivity in student satisfaction andpersistence in online learning. Journalof Online Learning and Teaching,10 (2), 314-325.

Haynie,D. (2014). New government data sheds light on online learners.Education.Retrieved August 31, 2016, fromhttp://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/articles/2014/06/12/new-government-data-sheds-light-on-online-learners

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