Assignment3: Persuasive Paper Part 1:
Strayer/ North Raleigh
Assignment3: A Persuasive Paper Part 1: A Problem Exists
TryingViolent Juvenile in the Adult System
Violentyouths should be tried in the adult system. Johnson and Kurlycheck(2012) posit that the state officials and criminal justice expertsare questioning the effectiveness of the juvenile court system intrying young offenders. This criticism is as a result of the rise inviolent crimes, homicides and increased recidivism rate among childoffenders. Despite the arguments raised to oppose the proposal, thereis a significant need to revise the juvenile trials based on thecrimes. Amendingthe laws that govern the conduct of children to accommodate theshifting issues in society is a prudent way of deterring crime amongthe young adults.
Solutionsto the Problem
Violentactions deserve uniform punishment regardless of age. Violent youthshave motives as to why they commit the crimes. Even where the groundscannot be determined, there is always a causal contributor to theoffense. These persons are usually aware of the crimes that theycommit. As a result, juvenile delinquents should be tried in theadult system since they have sufficient knowledge of their criminalactivities. Additionally, children in the current generation are moresophisticated thus, subjecting them to trial through the adultsystem will serve as a deterrent to engaging in crime.
Childrenin the current generation are sophisticated at a younger age theyrecognize the repercussions of violence and how to use weapons.Arguing that a modern child, who witnesses and is exposed to theeffects of the aggressiveness around him in the news and other formsof media every day, does not have a sufficient understanding of crimeis bizarre. Thus, children who commit these vicious crimes shouldhave adequate knowledge of the workings of the adult trial system.Trying children in adult courts would prevent them from disregardingthe rule of law.
FirstAdvantage to the Solutions
Theshift in trying violent juvenile offenders as adults will eliminatecarelessness among young people. These individuals are aware of thejudicial system and their rights some tend to take advantage of theleniency the laws provides for them. Adult trials would instil fearand responsibility in children, and they would avoid courtproceedings at all costs (Bonnie et al., 2013). An adult trial willequip them with the wits to make the right choices because of thefear of adult repercussions. Also, the change would not only apply toyoungsters perceived to be old enough to understand the effects oftheir crimes but also to very young offenders.
SecondAdvantage to the Solutions
Thejuvenile courts have a strong tendency only to concentrate on the ageof the offender rather than the nature and reason of the crimecommitted. Consequently, the determinant of punishment ends updeviating from the desired end. This approach results in a judgmentthat is served unfairly. Courts offer pretexts for offenders forbeing young this prevents the implementation of the law accordingly.The advocates of juvenile courts have argued that adult trying isinappropriate for young kids because of their immature mentalprocesses. However, maturity and mental ability have been proven tobegin much earlier (James et al., 2013). Teenagers have control oftheir thoughts and actions. Besides, a lot of cases, where themajority of teenage offenders were in full control of their actionsas they committed crimes, have proven this claim. Such informationshould be used to determine the maxim used to try violent crimes byjuveniles. Also, developing a jury for the young offenders would alsohelp solve juvenile disputes more effectively.
ThirdAdvantage to the Solutions
Thelaw offers the right to trial by jury. However, juvenile courts donot have a jury thus, in some cases, offenders do not receive properhearings. The minor offenders have the right of being heard and triedby a jury. Typically, the juvenile court judges make all thedecisions, and, in some situations, a team of mediators for childrensteps in to help facilitate the decision-making process. In spite ofthe upsides of trying juveniles as adults, the downsides associatedwith this trial system cannot be overlooked.
Consof juvenile trial as adults
Thetrial of youths as adults has its fair share of drawbacks. Not allthe cases result in a proper reduction of crimes by juveniles. Theadult system has been linked with making the behaviors of youngoffenders more criminal. The principal problem associated withjuveniles being tried as adults is sentencing them to adultcorrectional facilities. The circumstances that the young adults areexposed to, in these institutions, gives rise to criminal behavior.The juvenile delinquents get used to the idea that they are convictsand lose hope for a better future. Also, the record that theyacquire, the criminal case file in the adult system, obstructs someof the opportunities that they might pursue in the future. The adultsystem also lacks the variety of punishment that young offendersshould receive. Thus, the young adults do not get the proper type ofcorrection.
Ina recap of the above discussion,amendingthe laws that govern the conduct of children to accommodate theshifting issues in society is a prudent way of deterring crime amongthe young adults. Delinquent youths should be tried in the adultsystem because violent actions deserve uniform punishment regardlessof age. Violent children usually have motives that inspire theiractions. Thus, instituting a system that, effectively, deterscriminal behavior will bring the desired level of calm in society, asdiscussed above.
Bonnie,R. J., Johnson, R. L., Chemers, B. M., & Schuck, J. (Eds.).(2013).Reformingjuvenile justice: A developmental approach.National Academies Press.
James,C., Stams, G. J. J., Asscher, J. J., De Roo, A. K., & van derLaan, P. H. (2013). Aftercare programs for reducing recidivism amongjuvenile and young adult offenders: A meta-analytic review. ClinicalPsychology Review, 33(2),263-274.
Johnson,B. D., & Kurlychek, M. C. (2012). Transferred juveniles in theera of sentencing guidelines: Examining judicial departures forjuvenile offenders in adult criminal court. Criminology, 50(2),525-564.
Snyder,H. N., & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile offenders and victims:2006 national report. Officeof juvenile justice and delinquency prevention.