Between1877 and 1932 various events that shaped American history took place.A major event was the reunification of the North and the SouthAmerica. It was also a period of urbanization, immigration, andreforms. The rise of industrialization also affected the functioningof the society. However, Morris (2012) indicates that there was theabsence of charismatic and powerful presidents during the era. Thelack of a dominant and fundamental political control in the countryled scholars to refer to the era as the negative period. Scandals andcoruption were rampant during the period. However, the phasepresented some dynamic and momentous instances in the Americanhistory.
Industrializationwas a notable event, and it had drawbacks and benefits. Some of the Industrialization led to employment and inventions of powerfulmachines that made work easier especially in the transport sector.The construction of railway lines eased the movement of people andopened a new market for goods. This improved the citizen’s livingstandards (Bensel,2000).
However,there were some drawbacks associated with this historical event. Theease of movement from the rural areas led to overcrowding and housingproblems in the cities. According to Bensel(2000), themass movement resulted in various communicable diseases associatedwith dirty environments. Working in the industries was also dangeroussince employees were not compensated in case of injuries. Moreover,some companies did not provide protective clothing for the employees.Additionally, due to the many industries, the supply of laborforcebecame insufficient. Therefore, various firms opted for the cheap andavailable child labor and compelled the juveniles to work in dirtyconditions with low or no payment.
Conclusively,industrialization paved the way for a new America by introducingcontemporary methods of transport, healthcare, and farming. Transportwas a major development during this era, and it led to mass movementfrom the rural to urban areas. However, the increased population ledto housing and health challenges. The following years were marked byincreased stabilization and technological innovations.
Bensel,R. F. (2000). Thepolitical economy of American industrialization, 1877 – 1900.Cambridge [u.a.: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Morris,C. R. (2012). Thedawn of innovation: The first American Industrial Revolution.New York: PublicAffairs.