Access to Health Services as a Leading Health Indicator

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Accessto Health Services as a Leading Health Indicator

Accessto Health Services as a Leading Health Indicator

Access to health services remains to be a challenge for many owing tothe prevailing economic difficulties. People experience difficultiesin accessing affordable and quality health care services (Levesque,Harris, &amp Russell, 2013). Morbidity and mortality rates continueto be witnessed across the population. Accessibility to healthservices is an issue of fundamental significance that should be dealtwith by state and federal authorities.

SocioecologicContext of the Health Indicator

The Socioecologic model is based on five primary levels, theindividual, interpersonal, community and societal phase. At theindividual level, finding quality care is difficult since people lackenough finances to afford healthcare services. At the interpersonallevel, getting health services is a problem. The affected individualsat this stage are close associates including family and friends.Finding medical care is difficult because of limited financialresources. Finally, the community and society as a whole faceproblems getting medical services (Smith &amp Sulzbach, 2008).Such is an indication of the need to come up with a solution toaddress the issue.

CurrentPractices in Place

Despite the problems regarding access to health care, measures havebeen taken to address the issue. For example, community healthcenters have been established in regions where there are no medicalcenters (Smith &amp Sulzbach, 2008). Further, the government hasintroduced a health insurance schemes to enable citizens have qualityand affordable healthcare. Such measures aim at promotingaccessibility to health services.

Weaknessof Current Programs

The community health centers introduced do not have adequate staffand facilities to deal with the needs of sick people. For example, ifcomplications were to occur, it would be difficult for the patientsto be treated. Health insurance services in place are not accessibleto everyone. Individuals with a fair income are the only ones capableof accessing insurance.

Proposalof a Program

Training of more health professionals should be done at a greaterscale. It would ensure that graduates with skills in healthcare canprovide care to patients. Through the adoption of the trainingprogram, it would be possible to guarantee quality health services.Further, the government should take an initiative to invest inhealthcare infrastructure. Facilities bought should be taken toregions lacking them to ensure that patients suffering fromcomplicated problems do not have to travel to towns to find healthservices (Jacobs, Ir, Bigdeli, Annear, &amp Van Damme, 2012). Thehealth insurance scheme introduced should have rates that people whoare financially challenged can meet.

Assessmentof Role of Leadership in Initiating Change

The ability to initiate changes suggested depends on the applicationof the right form of leadership. Leaders must collaborate withstakeholders in the health sector to see to it that the changessuggested are met. Leadership is essential since it provides guidancetoward the achievement of measures introduced.

Datathat Shows Success

Data regarding the number of patients who travel to major towns tolocate health services will serve as an indication of the successfuladoption of the program. A low number of patients seeking treatmentin towns confirms that such services are easily available. It isbecause most of the patients will have quality healthcare services atthe community level dismissing the need to visit other facilities.

References

Jacobs, B., Ir, P., Bigdeli, M., Annear, P. L., &amp Van Damme, W.(2012). Addressing access barriers to health services: an analyticalframework for selecting appropriate interventions in low-income Asiancountries. Health Policy and Planning, 27(4), 288–300.http://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czr038

Levesque, J.-F., Harris, M. F., &amp Russell, G. (2013).Patient-centred access to health care: conceptualising access at theinterface of health systems and populations. International Journalfor Equity in Health, 12(1), 18.http://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-12-18

Smith, K. V, &amp Sulzbach, S. (2008). Community-based healthinsurance and access to maternal health services: evidence from threeWest African countries. Social Science &amp Medicine, 66(12),2460–2473. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.01.044

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