Academicdishonesty, Cheating, and Plagiarism
Academicdishonesty is the misrepresentation or deceit in attempting(unsuccessfully or successfully) to influence the grading process orto obtain academic credit by a means that is not authorized by thecourse instructor or university policy (PENNSTATE,2016).Academic dishonesty can be defined by listing certain behaviors thatare considered dishonest in the field of academics. Such practicesinclude: copying during exams, plagiarism, cheating on projects andexams, turning someone else’s work, someone doing for youassignment on your behalf, using technology to gain advantage,changing the answers on graded exam and asking for re-grade,providing exams answers to others, using work from previous semestersthat was given to you by a student who has already taken the class,copying other’s homework among many others.
Onthe hand, cheating is the provision or use of any unauthorizedmaterials or help in academic work and activities that compromise theassessment process. Cheating includes copying from others’ work,lying, discussing at any time questions or answers during a test orin exam room unless the instructor authorizes such discussion, receiving or taking exams copies without instructor’sauthorization, displaying or using notes (cheat sheets) or otherinformation tools not allowed in the test conditions (PENNSTATE,2016)
Plagiarismis the behavior of copying or using work or idea of others as yourown without citing the source or the author. Usually, it is employedfor larger texts such as scientific writings or literature, but onecan also plagiarize music (PENNSTATE,2016)
Bothplagiarism and cheating are subsets of academic dishonesty. Academicdishonesty is the wider definition of behaviors and actions describedas illegal in academics. Plagiarism and creating are specific form ofacademic dishonesty. On the other hand, Plagiarizing is a subset ofcheating it is a specific form of cheating. Cheating is anythingthat leads to getting a reward or credit using unfair means.
Amongthe famous people who have fallen victims of plagiarism, include twojournalists Jonah Lehrer and Freed Zakaria. Jonah Lehrer was ascience as well as technology reporter working for New Yorker and theauthor of three books. He was accused of falsifying quotes as well astraditional plagiarism. This forces him to resign his position at theNew Yorker. He was under investigation and if found guilty, would beexpelled from his duties (Bailey,2012).
Thesecond journalist is Freed Zakaria, a CNN editor and correspondent atTime Magazine. Freed was accused of plagiarizing part of his columnfor previous work in The New Yorker (Cooper,2014).He was suspended by CNN and New Yorker but was reinstated after nosubstantial evidence was found to proof the claims (Cooper,2014). However, his reputation as a renowned journalist has beensoiled by the allegation.
Bailey,J. (2012). TheFall of Jonah Lehrer – Plagiarism Today.PlagiarismToday.Retrieved 28 August 2016, fromhttps://www.plagiarismtoday.com/2012/07/31/the-fall-of-jonah-lehrer/.
Cooper,R. (2014). Threemajor publications have acknowledged plagiarism by Fareed Zakaria.Does CNN have no shame?.Webcache.googleusercontent.com.Retrieved 28 August 2016, fromhttp://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:cKlGSslf5MYJ:theweek.com/articles/442125/three-major-publications-have-acknowledged-plagiarism-by-fareed-zakaria-does-cnn-have-no-shame+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ke.
PENNSTATE,.(2016). Teachingand Learning with Technology | Defining Plagiarism, AcademicDishonesty.Webcache.googleusercontent.com.Retrieved 28 August 2016, fromhttp://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:BdzK2XPHqBoJ:tlt.psu.edu/plagiarism/instructor-guide/defining-plagiarism-and-academic-dishonesty/+&cd=7&hl=en&ct=clnk